Irritant Contact Dermatitis: Diagnosis and Risk Factors

  • Marie-Louise Anna SchuttelaarEmail author


Irritant contact dermatitis is frequent and is induced by direct and repeated contact with skin irritants such as detergents, abrasives, solvents and physical factors such as dry air and occlusion (by wearing gloves) but also water. When dermatitis has developed, even a minimal skin irritation, like a trivial exposure to water and soaps, can cause or maintain dermatitis. Atopic dermatitis past or present is an important risk factor for irritant contact dermatitis.

The diagnosis rests on a meticulous exposure analysis, demonstration of sufficient and relevant contact with irritants and exclusion of relevant allergies. Minimizing contact with skin irritants and sufficient skin care are an important part of prevention and management of irritant contact dermatitis.


Irritants Wet work Solvents Diagnosis of irritant contact dermatitis Gloves 


Conflicts of Interest

There was no funding and the author has no conflicts either actual or perceived.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of DermatologyUniversity Medical Center Groningen, University of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands

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