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Glues

  • Suchismita Paul
  • Peter C. SchalockEmail author
Chapter
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Abstract

Glues and adhesives are widely used in occupations such as the manufacturing and construction industries, in medicine/dentistry, as well as in various household activities and hobbies. Contact dermatitis from glues and adhesives results due to both irritant and allergic contact dermatitis. A thorough history of possible exposure to irritants and allergens at work or home is crucial for the diagnosis of glue-induced dermatitis. Patch testing is useful for a definitive diagnosis of contact dermatitis; however, sometimes, it is difficult to sort irritant from allergic reactions. A wide variety of glues such as acrylates, epoxy resins, epoxy acrylates, formaldehyde resins, and colophony may cause glue-induced dermatitis. Most often, remaining individual monomers of the final polymerized glue product cause contact dermatitis. Additionally, additives such as curing agents, stabilizers, and antioxidants may cause contact dermatitis. For patch testing, it is helpful to determine the chemical composition of the glue or adhesive that the patient has been exposed to in order to test the individual components and also since some of the unknown components may cause active sensitization or irritant reactions during the patch testing process. In addition to baseline glue patch test trays, patch testing should be performed more extensively with specialized series including several additive chemicals such as hardeners and diluents. In this chapter, common categories of glues and adhesives are discussed in details along with a summary of the most common relevant glue allergens.

Keywords

Glue Adhesive Dermatitis Allergic Irritant Epoxy Acrylic Colophony/rosin Formaldehyde 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  2. 2.Department of DermatologyMassachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA

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