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Contact Dermatitis in Children

  • Anne Birgitte Simonsen
  • Mette Sommerlund

Abstract

It is estimated that allergic contact dermatitis accounts for up to 20 % of all forms of dermatitis in children. It can be extremely difficult to distinguish allergic contact dermatitis from atopic or irritant dermatitis. Therefore, in any type of persistent dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis must be considered as a differential diagnosis. A careful history taking and the localization of the dermatitis may raise the suspicion of an external cause and provide important clues as to which allergen is causing the dermatitis. The sources are numerous, and a thorough exposure analysis should guide the subsequent patch testing of the child. Children tolerate the same allergen concentrations as adults, but the patch testing of children may imply other challenges because children are active and especially young children provide a limited patch test area.

Keywords

Children Contact dermatitis Allergic contact dermatitis Atopic dermatitis Patch test 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of DermatologyAarhus University HospitalAarhusDenmark

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