Education for Sustainability Futures

  • Pierre BenckendorffEmail author
  • Gianna Moscardo
Part of the CSR, Sustainability, Ethics & Governance book series (CSEG)


This chapter concludes the book by considering the main themes and key conclusions that can be drawn from the various chapters that have been included. The chapter also acknowledges some of the major gaps in the book by providing some initial thoughts about key stakeholders and dimensions of sustainability that have not been discussed in other chapters. These include EfS in technical and vocational education sectors, government officials and NGOs. The need for innovation in curricula, pedagogies and technology enhanced learning are explored as key dimensions of EfS. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the future for both sustainability in tourism and EfS.


Education for sustainability Tourism education Tourism and sustainability 


  1. Arenas, A. (2008). Connecting hand, mind, and community: Vocational education for social and environmental renewal. The Teachers College Record, 110(2), 377–404.Google Scholar
  2. Benckendorff, P. J., Sheldon, P. J., & Fesenmaier, D. (2014). Tourism information technology (2nd ed.). Oxenford: CAB.Google Scholar
  3. Biggs, J. B. (1991). Teaching for learning: The view from cognitive psychology. Hawthorne, VIC: ACER.Google Scholar
  4. Bramwell, B., & Lane, B. (2013). Getting from here to there: Systems change, behavioural change and sustainable tourism. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 21(1), 1–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Buckley, R. (2012). Sustainable tourism: Research and reality. Annals of Tourism Research, 39(2), 528–546.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Butcher, J. (2006). A response to building a decommodified research paradigm in tourism: The contribution of NGOs by Stephen Wearing, Matthew McDonald and Jess Ponting. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 13(5), 2005, pp. 424–455. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 14(3), 307–310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Butcher, J. (2007). Ecotourism, NGOs and development: A critical analysis. Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  8. Carp, R. M. (2012). Toward a resilient academy. In L. F. Johnston (Ed.), Higher education for sustainability (pp. 223–237). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  9. Chang, T. Y., & Hsu, J. M. (2010). Development framework for tourism and hospitality in higher vocational education in Taiwan. Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport and Tourism Education, 9(1), 101–109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Churugsa, W., McIntosh, A. J., & Simmons, D. (2007). Sustainable tourism planning and development: Understanding the capacity of local government. Leisure/Loisir, 31(2), 453–473.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. De Freitas, S. I. (2006). Using games and simulations for supporting learning. Learning, Media and Technology, 31(4), 343–358.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dewey, J. (1966). Democracy and education. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  13. Dieleman, H., & Huisingh, D. (2006). Games by which to learn and teach about sustainable development: Exploring the relevance of games and experiential learning for sustainability. Journal of Cleaner Production, 14(9), 837–847.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dillenbourg, P., Schneider, D., & Synteta, P. (2002). Virtual learning environments. In Proceedings of the 3rd Hellenic conference: ‘Information & communication technologies in education’ (pp. 3–18).Google Scholar
  15. Dixey, L. (2008). The unsustainability of community tourism donor projects: Lessons from Zambia. In A. Spenceley (Ed.), Responsible tourism: Critical issues for conservation and development (pp. 323–341). Abingdon: Earthscan.Google Scholar
  16. Eckelman, M. J., Lifset, R. J., Yessios, I., & Panko, K. (2011). Teaching industrial ecology and environmental management in Second Life. Journal of Cleaner Production, 19(11), 1273–1278.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Fabricatore, C., & López, X. (2012). Sustainability learning through gaming: An exploratory study. Electronic Journal of e-Learning, 10(2), 209–222.Google Scholar
  18. Falk, J. H., Ballantyne, R., Packer, J., & Benckendorff, P. (2012). Travel and learning: A neglected tourism research area. Annals of Tourism Research, 39(2), 908–927.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Fien, J., & Maclean, R. (2008). The legacy of the Bonn declaration. In J. Fien, R. Maclean, & M. G. Park (Eds.), Work, learning and sustainable development: Opportunities and challenges (Vol. 8, pp. xix–xxxv). Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  20. Goldney, D., Murphy, T., Fien, J., & Kent, J. (2007). Finding the common ground: Is there a place for sustainability education in VET? National Centre for Vocational Education Research. Accessed 12 Dec 2014.
  21. Gössling, S., Hall, C. M., Ekstrőm, F., Engeset, A. B., & Aall, C. (2012). Transition management: A tool for implementing sustainable tourism scenarios? Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 20(6), 899–916.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Gough, S. (2008). TVET as sustainable investment. In J. Fien, R. Maclean, & M. G. Park (Eds.), Work, learning and sustainable development: Opportunities and challenges (Vol. 8, pp. 107–115). Berlin: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Gretzel, U., Davis, E. B., Bowser, G., Jiang, J., & Brown, M. (2014). Creating global leaders with sustainability mindsets—Insights from the RMSSN Summer Academy. Journal of Teaching in Travel & Tourism, 14(2), 164–183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Harrill, R. (2004). Residents’ attitudes toward tourism development: A literature review with implications for tourism planning. Journal of Planning Literature, 18(3), 251–266.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Harrison, D. (2008). Pro-poor tourism: A critique. Third World Quarterly, 29(5), 851–868.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Herrington, J., Reeves, T., & Oliver, R. (2007). Immersive learning technologies: Realism and online authentic learning. Journal of Computing in Higher Education, 19(1), 80–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Herrington, J., Reeves, T., & Oliver, R. (2010). A guide to authentic e-learning. New York: Routledge. Scholar
  28. Jamal, T. B. (2004). Virtue ethics and sustainable tourism pedagogy: Phronesis, principles and practice. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 12(6), 530–545.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Kagawa, F. (2007). Dissonance in students’ perceptions of sustainable development and sustainability: Implications for curriculum change. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 8(3), 317–338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Kapp, K. M. (2012). The gamification of learning and instruction: Game-based methods and strategies for training and education. San Francisco: Wiley.Google Scholar
  31. Kennedy, K., & Dornan, D. A. (2009). An overview: Tourism non-governmental organizations and poverty reduction in developing countries. Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 14(2), 183–200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Kerr, L. (Ed.). (1968). Changing the curriculum. London: University of London Press.Google Scholar
  33. Krutwaysho, O., & Bramwell, B. (2010). Tourism policy implementation and society. Annals of Tourism Research, 37(3), 670–691.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Lewis, A. (2005). Rationalising a tourism curriculum for sustainable tourism development in small island states: A stakeholder perspective. Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport and Tourism Education, 4(2), 4–15.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  35. McDonald, G. (2014). Unpacking the green skills challenge. Paper presented at Vision 2020 TAFE Directors Australia National Conference. Accessed 12 Dec 2014.
  36. McGehee, N. G., & Meng, F. (2006). The politics of perception: Legislative images of the tourism industry in Virginia and North Carolina. Journal of Travel Research, 44(4), 368–378.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Metcalf, S., Kamarainen, A., Tutwiler, M. S., Grotzer, T., & Dede, C. (2011). Ecosystem science learning via multi-user virtual environments. International Journal of Gaming and Computer-Mediated Simulations (IJGCMS), 3(1), 86–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Piaget, J., & Inhelder, B. (1971). Psychology of the child. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  39. Prideaux, D. (2003). ABC of learning and teaching in medicine: Curriculum design. BMJ: British Medical Journal, 326(7383), 268–270.PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Ruhanen, L. (2013). Local government: Facilitator or inhibitor of sustainable tourism development? Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 21(1), 80–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Shakeela, A. (2008). Tourism and hospitality education: The panacea for sustainable tourism development in the Maldives? In S. Richardson, L. Fredline, A. Patiar, & M. Ternel (Eds.), CAUTHE 2008: Tourism and hospitality research, training and practice; “Where the ‘bloody hell’ are we?” (pp. 578–587).;dn=994616040129951;res=IELBUS. Accessed 12 Dec 2014.
  42. Shrivastava, P. (2010). Pedagogy of passion for sustainability. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 9(3), 443–455.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Siemens, G., & Long, P. (2011). Penetrating the fog: Analytics in learning and education. Educause Review, 46(5), 30–32.Google Scholar
  44. Simpson, M. C. (2008). Community benefit tourism initiatives—A conceptual oxymoron? Tourism Management, 29(1), 1–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Slocum, S. L., & Backman, K. F. (2011). Understanding government capacity in tourism development as a poverty alleviation tool: A case study of Tanzanian policy-makers. Tourism Planning & Development, 8(3), 281–296.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Strasdas, W., Corcoran, B., Petermann, T., Bushell, R., & Eagles, P. (2007). Capacity-building for ecotourism: Training programmes for managers of protected areas. In R. Bushell & P. Eagles (Eds.), Tourism and protected areas: Benefits beyond boundaries (pp. 150–167). Wallingford: CABI.Google Scholar
  47. Thomas, I., & Day, T. (2014). Sustainability capabilities, graduate capabilities, and Australian universities. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 15(2), 208–227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Vygotsky, L. S. (1978). Mind in society. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  49. Willis, P., McKenzie, S., & Harris, R. (Eds.). (2008). Rethinking work and learning: Adult and vocational education for social sustainability (Vol. 9). Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  50. Wilson, E., & Von der Heidt, T. (2013). Business as usual? Barriers to education for sustainability in the tourism curriculum. Journal of Teaching in Travel & Tourism, 13, 130–147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Zahra, A. L. (2010). A historical analysis of tourism policy implementation by local government. Journal of Tourism History, 2(2), 83–98.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The University of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia
  2. 2.James Cook UniversityTownsvilleAustralia

Personalised recommendations