Biofilm-Associated Infections in Root Canals: Treatment and Outcomes

  • Kishor GulabivalaEmail author
  • Yuan-Ling Ng
Part of the Springer Series on Biofilms book series (BIOFILMS, volume 9)


Root canal infections are essentially characterised by microbial biofilms that adhere to the root canal dentine and extend to the apical foramina and in some cases beyond. Primary objectives of root canal treatment are to eliminate these biofilms by using chemomechanical treatment protocols and to prevent reinfection. Desired outcomes of effective treatment are the discontinuation of destructive aspects of the host immune response and apical healing. This chapter reviews different treatment factors and their influence on the outcome of biofilm-associated infections in root canals.


Root Canal Root Canal Treatment Apical Periodontitis Periapical Lesion Root Canal System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Unit of Endodontology, UCL Eastman Dental InstituteUniversity College LondonLondonUK

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