Super-Details: Integrated Patterns from 3D Printing Processes to Performance-Based Design

  • François LeblancEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 527)


Performance-based architecture has predominately been influenced by computational advances in simulating complex organizations. The advent of 3D printing, however, has introduced a new approach to generate complex forms, which is redirecting focus from shape-centric design to material design, namely, innovative structures and properties generated by the process itself. This article investigated the multiscale approach potential to design using extrusion-based 3D printing techniques that offer novel geometric organizations that conform to desired performance. It was found that 3D printed toolpaths adapted to extrusion-based systems render an anisotropic behavior to the architectural object that is best optimized by designing tessellated surfaces as the primary structural shape from which small-scale periodic surfaces can be embedded within a larger geometric system.


3D printing Multiscale design Extrusion-based systems Porous material Topology CAD integration 



The author would like to thank professor Aaron Sprecher, director of LIPHE laboratory, for the development of large-scale 3D printing and the valuable experience gained from the Evo DeVO project, together with Clothilde Caillé-Lévesque and Zhongyuan Dai for the development of prototypes. The research have been funded by the SSHRC grant.


  1. 1.
    Buswell, R.A., Soar, R.C., Gibb, A.G.F., Thorpe, A.: Freeform construction: mega-scale rapid manufacturing for construction. Autom. Constr. 16(2), 224–231 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Khoshnevis, B., Hwang, D., Yao, K.T., Yeh, Z.: Mega-scale fabrication by contour crafting. Int. J. Ind. Syst. Eng. 1(3), 301–320 (2006)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    3D Print Canal House: (2015). Accessed 29 Jan 2015
  4. 4.
    Wohlers, T.T.: Wohlers report 2012: additive manufacturing and 3D printing state of the industry. Wohlers Associates, Fort Collins (2012)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Dillenburger, B., Hansmeyer, M.: The Resolution of Architecture in the Digital Age. In: Zhang, J., Sun, C. (eds.) Proceedings of 15th International Conference CAAD Futures: Global design and local materialization. Springer, New York, pp. 347–357 (2013)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Beckett, R., Babu, S.: To the micron: a new architecture through high-resolution multi-scalar design and manufacturing. Archit. Des. 84(1), 112–115 (2014)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Buswell, R.A., Thorpe, A., Soar, R.C., Gibb, A.G.F.: Design, data and process issues for mega-scale rapid manufacturing machines used for construction. Autom. Constr. 17(8), 923–929 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Srinivasan, A.V., Haritos, G.K., Hedberg, F.L.: Biomimetics: advancing man-made materials through guidance from nature. Appl. Mech. Rev. 44(11), 463–482 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Smith, C.S.: A Search for Structure: Selected Essays on Science, Art, and History. MIT Press, Cambridge (1981)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Olson, G.B.: Computational design of hierarchically structured materials. Science 277(5330), 1237 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ashby, M.F.: Materials Selection in Mechanical Design. Butterworth-Heinemann, Burlington (2005)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    De Kestelier, X., Buswell, R.A.: A digital design environment for large- scale rapid manufacturing. In: D’Estrée Sterk, T., Loveridge, R., Pancoast, D. (eds.) Proceedings of the 29th annual conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture, pp. 201–208 (2009)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Doubrovski, E.L., Verlinden, J.C., Geraedts, J.M.P.: Exploring the links between CAD model and build strategy for inexpensive FDM. In: International Conference on Digital Printing Technologies, pp. 500–506 (2011)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Peters, B.: Building Bytes: 3D-Printed Bricks. In: Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture, Cambridge, pp. 433–434 (2013)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Malé-Alemany, M., Portell, J.: Soft tolerance: an approach for additive construction on site. Archit. Des. 84(1), 122–127 (2014)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Vander Kooij, D.: (2015). Accessed 29 Jan 2015
  17. 17.
    FabClay: (2015). Accessed 29 Jan 2015
  18. 18.
    Doubrovski, Z., Verlinden, J.C., Geraedts, J.M.P.: Optimal design for additive manufacturing: Opportunities and challenges. In: Proceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference 9, pp. 635–646 (2011)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Chu, C., Graf, G., Rosen, D.W.: Design for additive manufacturing of cellular structures. Comput. Aided Des. Appl. 5(5), 686–696 (2008)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Schenk, M., Guest, S.D.: Geometry of Miura-folded metamaterials. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(9), 3276–3281 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Bendsøe, M.P., Sigmund, O.: Topology Optimization: Theory, Methods, and Applications. Springer, Berlink (2003)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.McGill UniversityMontréalCanada

Personalised recommendations