Formal Descriptions of Material Manipulations

An Exploration with Cuts and Shadows
  • Benay GürsoyEmail author
  • Iestyn Jowers
  • Mine Özkar
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 527)


Shape computation in design is never purely limited to visual aspects and ideally includes material aspects as well. The physicality of designing introduces a wide range of variables for designers to tackle within the design process. We present a simple design exercise realised in four stages where we physically manipulate perforated cardboard sheets as a case to make material variables explicit in the computation. The emphasis is on representing sensory aspects rather than easily quantifiable properties more suitable for simulations. Our explorations demonstrate the use of visual rules to represent actions, variables and form as well as how to control the variables to create new results, both desired and surprising, in materially informed ways.


Material computing Shape rules Making 



We would like to thank George Stiny for early feedback at the Knitting, Cutting, and Material Computing workshop and the student participants of the workshop (Aslı Aydın, Begüm Hamzaoğlu, Benan Şahin, Ebru Ulu, Ege Özgirin, Ezgi Baştuğ, Hande Karakaş, Kaan Karabağlı, Oğuz Kurtuluş, Oytun Gür Günel, Özde Özdal, Yusuf Reşat Güner, Zeynep Kırım). All of the images are created by Benay Gürsoy.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Istanbul Bilgi UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.The Open UniversityMilton KeynesUK
  3. 3.Istanbul Technical UniversityIstanbulTurkey

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