Facilitating Fire and Smoke Simulation Using Building Information Modeling

  • Chengde WuEmail author
  • Saied Zarrinmehr
  • Mohammad Rahmani Asl
  • Mark J. Clayton
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 527)


CFAST is a two-zone model which simulates fire growth and smoke transport. Manually modeling a building using CFAST user interface is a time consuming and error-prone process. In addition, the limitations in CFAST structure impede data transfer between CFAST and BIM (Building Information Modeling). In this research, we identified major limitations of CFAST, proposed solutions to the limitations, and developed a system for data interchange between BIM and CFAST. This greatly facilitated fire and smoke simulation. We further developed a visualization module to visualize the simulation results to overcome the problems when using SmokeView, an application developed by NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology). A pilot test is conducted using this system. The simulation process was done in just a few minutes. This is expected to help architects to design buildings safer from building fires, and help students in learning building safety and fire related building codes.


Fire simulation Building information modeling (BIM) CFAST Building fire evacuation 



Funding of his research is provided by Natural Science Fund of China (grant No. 51308377).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chengde Wu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Saied Zarrinmehr
    • 1
  • Mohammad Rahmani Asl
    • 1
  • Mark J. Clayton
    • 1
  1. 1.Texas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA

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