Structural Design Based on Performance Applied to Development of a Lattice Wind Tower

  • Marina BorgesEmail author
  • Ricardo H. Fakury
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 527)


This paper studies the process of parametric and algorithmic design, integrating structural analysis and design for the generation of complex geometric structures. This methodology is based on the Performative Model, where the shape is generated using performance criteria. In the approach, the development of complex structures is only possible by reversing the process of thinking to generate the form with established parameters for geometry, material and loading aspects. Thus, the structural engineer no longer only participates in the evaluation phase but also appears in the early stages, creating a process of exploration and production of common knowledge among architects and engineers. To research performance-based design, the development of a conceptual lattice for a wind tower is proposed. Thus, a system is made to generate geometries using Rhinoceros software, the Grasshopper plugin, and the VB programming language, integrated with stress analysis through the Scan & Solve plugin.


Structural design Parametric and algorithm architecture Structural analysis Performative model Lattice wind tower 


  1. 1.
    Kolarevic, B.: Architecture in the Digital Age: Design and Manufacturing. Spon Press, New York (2003)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Terzidis, K.: Algorithmic form. In: Ahlquist, S., Menges, A. (eds.) Computational Design Thinking, pp. 94–101. Wiley, London (2011)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Oxman, R., Oxman, R.: The new structuralism: design, engineering and architectural technologies. AD 80, 15–23 (2010)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
  5. 5.
    Vallourec Tubos do Brasil: Tubos Estruturais, Seção Circular, Quadrada e Retangular, catalogue, São Paulo (2014)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Shea, K., Aish, R., Gourtovaia, M.: Towards integrated performance-driven generative design tools. Autom. Constr. 14(2), 253–264 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kolarevic, B.: Performative Architecture Beyond Instrumentality. Spon Press, New York (2005)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Grobman, Y.J.: The various dimensions of the concept of “performance” in architecture. In: Grobman, Y., Neuman, E. (eds.) Performalism: Form and Performance in Digital Architecture, pp. 9–13. Routledge, Oxon (2012)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Schwitter, C.: Engineering complexity: performance-based design in use. In: Kolarevic, B. (ed.) Performative Architecture beyond instrumentality, pp. 113–122. Spon Press, New York (2005)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Dimcic, M.: Structural optimization of grid shells based on genetic algorithms. Ph.D. thesis, Institute of Building Structures and Structural Design, Stuttgart University (2011)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
  12. 12.
    Andrea, A.: Condensed version of Technical Report TR-04R0-2014-An: Estimation of Tower Design Loads for a Generic 3 MW Wind Turbine, Salvador (2014)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Engström, et al.: Tall towers for large wind turbines. Elforsk, Estocolmo (2010)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Riziotis, V., Voutsinas, S., Manolas, D., Politis, E., Chaviaropoulos, P.: Aeroelastic Analysis of Pre-Curved Rotor Blades.
  15. 15.
    ABNT NBR 16239: Design of steel and steel and concrete composite structures for buildings with tubular profiles, Brazilian Association of Technical Standards (2013)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Scan&Solve: Scan&Solve ™ 2014 Plug-in for Rhino, version 2014.6.16.0, Intact Solutions, Madison (2014)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Filho, J.: Gestalt do Objeto: Sistema de Leitura Visual da Forma. Editora Escrituras, São Paulo (2000)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Celani, G.: Algorithmic Sustainable Design, uma visão crítica do projeto generativo, Vitruvius, 10, 116.03, São Paulo (2011)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Federal University of Minas GeraisBelo HorizonteBrazil

Personalised recommendations