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Coal Gasification

  • Ke-Chang XieEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Coal gasification is an important industrial process for converting raw coal into more useful and cleaner carbon feedstocks for use in power generation and as precursors for other transformations. Coal gasification involves complex heterogeneous physical and chemical changes that occur between coal and gaseous reactants. These are extremely complex processes owing to structural differences within coal composites. Nevertheless a clearer understanding of such processes is fundamental to developing clean coal technologies and there is a global renewed interest in coal gasification, motivated by the need to reduce reliance on declining oil reserves. In this chapter, we discuss models that can be used to describe these processes and the experimental techniques that are used in their investigation. The efficiency of the coal gasification is shown to be affected by a variety of factors including the coal type, maceral, additional of catalytic agents and other pretreatments. We explore the relationships between coal composition structure and reactivity through a presentation of our studies on various Chinese coal types.

Keywords

Compensation Effect Gasification Process Oxygen Functional Group Activation Entropy Coke Sample 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Taiyuan University of TechnologyTaiyuanChina
  2. 2.Tsinghua UniversityBeijingChina

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