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Augenlider

  • Antonio Bergua
Chapter

Zusammenfassung

Die Augenlider, die sich in Ober- und Unterlid mit dazwischenliegender Lidspalte untergliedern, stellen die vordere Begrenzung der Orbita dar. Die Lider besitzen zwei Funktionen: den Schutz des Auges vor mechanischen, chemischen oder optischen Reizen sowie die Verteilung der Tränenflüssigkeit auf der Hornhaut und Bindehaut durch den Lidschlag oder durch Blinzen. Diese Funktion schützt das Auge vor dem Austrocknen. Man unterscheidet bei den Lidern zwischen einem Innen- und einem Außenblatt, die aus der dünnsten Haut der menschlichen Anatomie sowie Schweiß- und Talgdrüsen, Muskeln (z. B. M. tarsalis Müller), Tarsus, Konjunktiva palpebralis etc. bestehen. Auch bei der Bildung des Gesichtsausdrucks spielen die Augenlider eine wichtige Rolle.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonio Bergua
    • 1
  1. 1.Klinik für AugenheilkundeFriedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-NürnbergErlangenDeutschland

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