Advertisement

Introduction

  • Yuan WangEmail author
Chapter
  • 463 Downloads
Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)

Abstract

Produced from anthropogenic and natural sources (IPCC 2007; Zhang et al. 2004, 2009), atmospheric aerosols play an important role in regulating the radiative balance of the Earth-Atmosphere system, directly by reflecting or absorbing the incoming solar radiation and indirectly by influencing cloud formation.

Keywords

Aerosol Optical Depth Tropical Rainfall Measure Mission Pearl River Delta Storm Track Convective Available Potential Energy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Deng X, Tie X, Wu D, Zhou X, Bi X, Tan H, Li F, Jiang C (2008) Long-term trend of visibility and its characterizations in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) region, China. Atmos Environ 42(7):1424–1435CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Fan J, Zhang R, Li G, Tao W-K (2007) Effects of aerosols and relative humidity on cumulus clouds. J Geophys Res 112(D14):D14204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Fan J, Yuan T, Comstock JM, Ghan S, Khain A, Leung LR, Li Z, Martins VJ, Ovchinnikov M (2009) Dominant role by vertical wind shear in regulating aerosol effects on deep convective clouds. J Geophys Res 114(D22):D22206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Fischer-Bruns I, Banse DF, Feichter J (2009) Future impact of anthropogenic sulfate aerosol on North Atlantic climate. Clim Dyn 32:511–524CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Gong SL, Zhang XY, Zhao TL, Zhang XB, Barrie LA, McKendry IG, Zhao CS (2006) A simulated climatology of Asian dust aerosol and its trans-Pacific transport. Part II: Interannual variability and climate connections. J Clim 19:104–122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Graham NE, Diaz HF (2001) Evidence for intensification of North Pacific winter cyclones since 1948. Bull Am Meteor Soc 82:1869–1893CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Huebert BJ, Bates T, Russell PB, Shi G, Kim YJ, Kawamura K, Carmichael G, Nakajima T (2008) An overview of ACE-Asia: strategies for quantifying the relationships between Asian aerosols and their climatic impacts. J Geophys Res 108(D23):8633Google Scholar
  8. IPCC (2007) Climate change 2007: the physical science basis. In: Solomon S, Qin D, Manning M, Chen Z, Marquis M, Averyt KB, Tignor M, Miller HL (eds) Contribution of working group I to the fourth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  9. Jacob DJ et al (2003) Transport and chemical evolution over the Pacific (TRACE-P) aircraft mission: design, execution, and first results. J Geophys Res 108(D20):9000Google Scholar
  10. Kar S, Liou Y, Ha K (2009) Aerosol effects on the enhancement of cloud-to-ground lightning over major urban areas of South Korea. Atmos Res 92(1):80–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Khain AP (2009) Notes on state-of-the-art investigations of aerosol effects on precipitation: a critical review. Environ Res Lett 4(1):015004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Khain A, Cohen N, Lynn B, Pokrovsky A (2008) Possible aerosol effects on lightning activity and structure of hurricanes. J Atmos Sci 65(12):3652–3677CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Koren I, Altaratz O, Remer LA, Feingold G, Martins JV, Heiblum RH (2012) Aerosol-induced intensification of rain from the tropics to the mid-latitudes. Nat Geosci 5(2):118–122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lau KM, Kim MK, Kim KM (2006) Asian summer monsoon anomalies induced by aerosol direct forcing: the role of the Tibetan Plateau. Clim Dyn 26(7–8):855–864CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lee SS, Donner LJ, Phillips VTJ, Ming Y (2008) The dependence of aerosol effects on clouds and precipitation on cloud-system organization, shear and stability. J Geophys Res 113(D16):D16202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lee SS, Donner LJ, Penner JE (2010) Thunderstorm and stratocumulus: how does their contrasting morphology affect their interactions with aerosols? Atmos Chem Phys 10(14):6819–6837CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Li G, Wang Y, Lee K-H, Diao Y, Zhang R (2008a) Increased winter precipitation over the North Pacific from 1984–1994 to 1995–2005 inferred from the Global Precipitation Climatology Project. Geophys Res Lett 35(13). doi: 10.1029/2008GL034668
  18. Li G, Wang Y, Zhang R (2008b) Implementation of a two-moment bulk microphysics scheme to the WRF model to investigate aerosol-cloud interaction. J Geophys Res 113(D15):D15211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Li G, Wang Y, Lee K-H, Diao Y, Zhang R (2009) Impacts of aerosols on the development and precipitation of a mesoscale squall line. J Geophys Res 114(D17):D17205CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Li ZQ, Niu F, Fan JW, Liu YG, Rosenfeld D, Ding YN (2011) Long-term impacts of aerosols on the vertical development of clouds and precipitation. Nat Geosci 4(12):888–894CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Ma M (2005) Climatological distribution of lightning density observed by satellites in China and its circumjacent regions. Sci China Ser D 48(2):219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Ntelekos AA, Smith JA, Donner L, Fast JD, Gustafson WI, Chapman EG, Krajewski WF (2009) The effects of aerosols on intense convective precipitation in the northeastern United States. Q J R Meteorol Soc 135(643):1367–1391CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Orville RE, Huffines G, Nielsen-Gammon J, Zhang R, Ely B, Steiger SM, Phillips S, Allen S, Read W (2001) Enhancement of cloud-to-ground lightning over Houston, Texas. Geophys Res Lett 28(13):2597–2600CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Tao W-K, Li X, Khain A, Matsui T, Lang S, Simpson J (2007) Role of atmospheric aerosol concentration on deep convective precipitation: cloud-resolving model simulations. J Geophys Res 112(D24):D24S18Google Scholar
  25. Tao W-K, Chen J-P, Li Z, Wang C, Zhang C (2012) Impact of aerosols on convective clouds and precipitation. Rev Geophys 50(2). doi: 10.1029/2011RG000369
  26. van den Heever SC, Cotton WR (2007) Urban aerosol impacts on downwind convective storms. J Appl Meteorol Climatol 46(6):828–850CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Wang H, Feingold G, Wood R, Kazil J (2010) Modelling microphysical and meteorological controls on precipitation and cloud cellular structures in Southeast Pacific stratocumulus. Atmos Chem Phys 10(13):6347–6362CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Westcott NE (1995) Summertime cloud-to-ground lightning activity around major midwestern urban areas. J Appl Meteorol 34:1633–1642CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Williams E (2002) Contrasting convective regimes over the Amazon: implications for cloud electrification. J Geophys Res 107(D20):8082CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Wu D, Tie X, Li C, Ying Z, Kai-Hon Lau A, Huang J, Deng X, Bi X (2005) An extremely low visibility event over the Guangzhou region: a case study. Atmos Environ 39(35):6568–6577CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Yang Q, Gustafson JWI, Fast JD, Wang H, Easter RC, Morrison H, Lee YN, Chapman EG, Spak SN, Mena-Carrasco MA (2011) Assessing regional scale predictions of aerosols, marine stratocumulus, and their interactions during VOCALS-REx using WRF-Chem. Atmos Chem Phys 11(23):11951–11975CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Yu HB, Remer LA, Chin M, Bian HS, Kleidman RG, Diehl T (2008) A satellite-based assessment of transpacific transport of pollution aerosol. J Geophys Res 113(D14). doi: 10.1029/2007JD009349
  33. Yu HB, Remer LA, Chin M, Bian HS, Tan Q, Yuan TL, Zhang Y (2012) Aerosols from overseas rival domestic emissions over North America. Science 337(6094):566–569CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Yuan T, Li Z, Zhang R, Fan J (2008) Increase of cloud droplet size with aerosol optical depth: an observation and modeling study. J Geophys Res 113:D04201. doi: 10.1029/2007JD008632 Google Scholar
  35. Zhang R, Suh I, Zhao J, Zhang D, Fortner EC, Tie X, Molina LT, Molina MJ (2004) Atmospheric new particle formation enhanced by organic acids. Sciences 304:1487–1490CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Zhang R, Li G, Fan J, Wu DL, Molina MJ (2007) Intensification of Pacific storm track linked to Asian pollution. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 104(13):5295–5299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Zhang YH, Hu M, Zhong LJ, Wiedensohler A, Liu SC, Andreae MO, Wang W, Fan SJ (2008) Regional integrated experiments on air quality over Pearl River Delta 2004 (PRIDE-PRD2004): overview. Atmos Environ 42(25):6157–6173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Zhang R, Wang L, Khalizov AF, Zhao J, Zheng J, McGraw RL, Molina LT (2009) Formation of nanoparticles of blue haze enhanced by anthropogenic pollution. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 106:17650–17654. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0910125106 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.California Institute of TechnologyPasadenaUSA

Personalised recommendations