Reaction Mechanisms in the Direct Carboxylation of Alcohols, Polyols, Cyclic Ethers, and Cyclic Amines to Afford Monomeric Compounds and Polymeric Materials



This chapter deals with the utilization of CO2 in the carboxylation of alcohols, diols, polyols, and epoxides to create a variety of compounds such as linear carbonates, cyclic monomeric carbonates, and polycarbonates. Homogeneous, heterogenized, and heterogeneous catalysts are described. The problem of “water elimination” is considered and routes for water-trapping discussed. DFT calculations used to support the reaction mechanism are presented with the identified transition states relevant to various mechanistic scenarios.


Propene Carbonate Water Trap Cyclic Ether Glycerol Carbonate Oxidative Carbonylation 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering DepartmentNUSSingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.CIRCCPisaItaly
  3. 3.Department of Chemistry and CIRCCUniversity of BariBariItaly

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