Thermodynamics and Applications of CO2 Hydrates



Gas hydrates are clathrate solid crystalline compounds consisting of a lattice formed by water molecules and entrapped gas molecules inside. They are stable under high pressure and low temperature. CO2 hydrates, specifically, are composed of CO2 as the guest molecule and water as the host molecule. CO2 hydrates have a number of applications including CO2 capture, cold storage, CO2 sequestration, and, lately, the direct displacement of methane hydrates with CO2 to simultaneously produce methane and sequester CO2. This chapter provides a comprehensive overview of the fundamentals of CO2 hydrates. The first section gives a general introduction and some basic concepts of gas hydrates. Section 10.2 shifts the focus to the microscopic perspective, looking into how gas hydrates form, the three structures of gas hydrates, and the characteristics of CO2 hydrates. From there onward, the text focuses specifically on CO2 hydrates. The physical properties of CO2 hydrates are considered in Sect. 10.3. Section 10.4 deals with the phase equilibrium of CO2 hydrate. Experimental methods and the phase diagram are shown in this section. The last section covers the applications of CO2 hydrates, including the formation and dissociation of CO2 hydrates, ocean sequestration, and the CH4 replacement in hydrates by CO2, which is an attractive potential method to produce natural gas.


Guest Molecule Hydrate Formation Hydration Number Pressure Differential Scanning Calorimetry Methane Hydrate 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering DepartmentNUSSingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.CIRCCPisaItaly
  3. 3.Department of Chemistry and CIRCCUniversity of BariBariItaly

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