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Background

  • Da WangEmail author
  • Wei Zhang
  • Xiaoxi Zhang
  • Guolong Zhao
  • Ruqiang Zuo
  • Jialu Ni
  • Gansheng Yang
  • Jun Jia
  • Kaihua Yang
  • Yongyi Zhu
  • Wenwei Xie
  • Wenjian Zhu
  • Peifeng Zhang
  • Lasheng Fan
  • Jianliang Ye
  • Yongping Wang
Chapter
Part of the Springer Geology book series (SPRINGERGEOL)

Abstract

The earth is a giant system including the atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere, biosphere, and the mantle, core and planetary space. Earth science is the study on the substance composition, origin, formation, evolution and the interaction of each part of the earth system. In the late 20th century, the earth science developed towards the earth system science, focusing on the lithosphere, and gradually extended to the relationship and interaction with the other layers. Since the 1960s, the International Upper Mantle Program (IUMP), the Mohole Project, the Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP) and the Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) were successively implemented in the world, through these projects great progress was made in earth science, confirming the continental drift theory and creating the plate tectonics theory. And the international geoscience community gradually achieved a common view that scientific drilling is the only way to obtain real samples from the deep crust, and a long-term observation station can be established through scientific drilling, which is a telescope and endoscope penetrating into the earth, and is the most important technical method to research on the crustal structure and evolution. At the same time, it will play an important role in detecting the deep biosphere, explaining the mysteries of life evolution and understanding the mechanism of global environmental change. Scientific drilling is not only of important scientific significance, but also of great practical significance for maintaining the man-earth coordination and harmony, and promoting the economic and social development.

Keywords

Metamorphic Belt Vertical Seismic Profile Drilling Technology Main Hole State Planning Commission 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Science Press, Beijing and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Da Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Wei Zhang
    • 2
  • Xiaoxi Zhang
    • 3
  • Guolong Zhao
    • 4
  • Ruqiang Zuo
    • 4
  • Jialu Ni
    • 5
  • Gansheng Yang
    • 5
  • Jun Jia
    • 6
  • Kaihua Yang
    • 3
  • Yongyi Zhu
    • 5
  • Wenwei Xie
    • 5
  • Wenjian Zhu
    • 6
  • Peifeng Zhang
    • 6
  • Lasheng Fan
    • 7
  • Jianliang Ye
    • 2
  • Yongping Wang
    • 8
  1. 1.Engineering Center of Chinese Continental Scientific Drilling ProjectBeijingChina
  2. 2.China Geological SurveyBeijingChina
  3. 3.China University of Geosciences (Wuhan)Wu HanChina
  4. 4.Consulting and Research Center, Ministry of Land and ResourcesBeijingChina
  5. 5.Institute of Exploration TechniquesLangfangChina
  6. 6.Beijing Institute of Exploration EngineeringBeijingChina
  7. 7.Institute of Exploration TechnologyLangfangChina
  8. 8.Research and Design Academy of Metallurgical ProspectingBeijingChina

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