Regular participation in sports and exercise activities is considered beneficial for health but unfortunately sometimes sports injuries occur. Based on the onset of symptoms and the mechanism, sports injuries can be classified as either acute injuries (due to a single traumatic event) or overuse injuries (due to repetitive microtraumata). In this chapter, the various types and causes of sports injuries of the musculoskeletal system are described. The general principles of acute and overuse injuries of the bone, cartilage, joint, ligaments, muscle, tendon, bursa, and nerves are discussed, and some insight into etiology and pathophysiology is provided.


Stress Fracture Sport Injury Overuse Injury Myositis Ossificans Medial Tibia Stress Syndrome 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University Center for Sport, Exercise and Health, Center for Sports Medicine, University of Groningen, University Medical Center GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands

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