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Radiologic Imaging of Chest Injuries

  • Anouk Marinke Barendregt
  • Mario Maas

Abstract

Chest pain is seldom a complaint of athletes. However sports injuries to the chest can be painful and life-threatening. Therefore it is important to choose the most reliable imaging modality to support the clinical diagnosis in the athlete with chest pain. In this chapter the role of radiology in various sports-related chest injuries is described, from the rarely described (but commonly diagnosed) costochondritis and sternal fractures to the more common rib fractures. The chest injury itself will be addressed first and then followed by the appropriate imaging modality and radiologic findings and characteristics. Traumatic as well as overuse injuries to the chest will be discussed. Emphasis will also be placed on ruling out any life-threatening complications by selecting the right imaging modality.

Keywords

Spontaneous Pneumothorax Pectoralis Major Muscle Flail Chest Musculotendinous Junction Serratus Anterior Muscle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

ALARA

As low as reasonably achievable

AP

Anterior-to-posterior direction

CT

Computed tomography

ECG

Electrocardiogram

FAT SAT

Fat saturation

IOC

International Olympic Committee

MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging

PA

Posterior-to-anterior direction

PTX

Pneumothorax

SC

Sternoclavicular

STIR

Short-tau inversion recovery

TSE

Turbo spin echo

US

Ultrasound/ultrasonography

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Radiology, Division of Musculoskeletal Radiology, Academic Medical CenterUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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