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Nuclear Medicine Imaging of Spine Injuries

  • Fathinul Fikri Ahmad Saad
  • Mohammad Nazri Md Shah
  • Abdul Jalil Nordin

Abstract

Modern sports activities are associated with a high incidence of spine pain. Generally, the injuries seen are classified to their time of onset or specific injuries related to the vulnerable skeletal locations. Spinal fracture is fortunately very rare for incidences that are associated in contact sports activities. Prevention of spinal injuries and early diagnosis are the first priorities since delayed diagnosis may cause structural instability and early osteoarthritis or abnormal bony maturity. When plain radiographs of a patient with persistent symptoms reveal negative findings, a bone scan with single-photon emission computed tomography, computerised tomography scan or magnetic resonance imaging scan can be performed. Nuclear medicine imaging techniques, encompassing the visualisation and characterisation of biological processes at the molecular and cellular level, are useful techniques in localising the site of spinal injuries which are inconspicuous on the structural conventional imaging techniques.

Keywords

Lower Back Pain Nucleus Pulposus Bone Scintigraphy Spinal Stenosis Overuse Injury 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

CT

Computed tomography

Ga (GS)

Gallium-67

GS

Gallium scan

HMPAO

Hexamethylpropyleneamine oxime

i.e.

That is

In

Indium-111

LBP

Low back pain

MDP

Methyl diphosphonate

MIP

Multiple image projection

MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging

SAP

Superior articular process

SPECT

Single-photon emission computed tomography

Tc

Technecium-99

WBC

White blood cells

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fathinul Fikri Ahmad Saad
    • 1
  • Mohammad Nazri Md Shah
    • 2
  • Abdul Jalil Nordin
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Diagnostic Nuclear ImagingUniversity Putra MalaysiaSelangorMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Biomedical Imaging, Faculty of Medicine BuildingUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia

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