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Pain Control pp 103-117 | Cite as

Nitric Oxide-Mediated Pain Processing in the Spinal Cord

  • Achim SchmidtkoEmail author
Part of the Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology book series (HEP, volume 227)

Abstract

A large body of evidence indicates that nitric oxide (NO) plays an important role in the processing of persistent inflammatory and neuropathic pain in the spinal cord. Several animal studies revealed that inhibition or knockout of NO synthesis ameliorates persistent pain. However, spinal delivery of NO donors caused dual pronociceptive and antinociceptive effects, pointing to multiple downstream signaling mechanisms of NO. This review summarizes the localization and function of NO-dependent signaling mechanisms in the spinal cord, taking account of the recent progress made in this field.

Keywords

Pain Nociception Dorsal root ganglia Spinal cord Nitric oxide cGMP 

Abbreviations

cGKI

cGMP-dependent protein kinase I (synonym PKG-1, protein kinase G-1)

cGMP

3′, 5′-cyclic guanosine monophosphate

CNG

Cyclic-nucleotide gated

DRG

Dorsal root ganglion

GC-A

Particulate guanylyl cyclase A (synonym NPR-A, natriuretic peptide receptor A)

GC-B

Particulate guanylyl cyclase B (synonym NPR-B, natriuretic peptide receptor B)

HCN

Hyperpolarization activated and cyclic-nucleotide gated

NO

Nitric oxide

NO-GC

NO-sensitive guanylyl cyclase (synonym sGC, soluble guanylyl cyclase)

NOS

NO synthase

PDE

Phosphodiesterase

Notes

Acknowledgments

Related work done in the author’s laboratory was supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Witten/Herdecke University, and Doktor Robert Pfleger-Stiftung.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Pharmakologie und ToxikologieUniversität Witten/Herdecke, ZBAFWittenGermany

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