Validation of the Spirituality Scale for Chinese Elders (SSCE)

  • Vivian W. Q. LouEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Well-Being and Quality of Life Research book series (BRIEFSWELLBEING)


After the Delphi process, the proposed spiritual well-Being framework for Chinese older adults was further contextualized to reflect the interdependency of how the self is constructed and the influences of social orientation of behaviors in the Chinese context. This chapter reports the development and validation of the Spiritual Scale for Chinese Elders (SSCE). It starts from describing the development process of the draft SSCE, follows by reporting on a pilot study and the main survey. The final SSCE contains 44-items showed satisfactory reliability and validity.


Positive Affect Residential Care Item Pool Delphi Process Residential Facility 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Social Work and Social Administration, Sau Po Centre on AgeingThe University of Hong KongPokfulamHong Kong SAR

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