Impact on Biker Effort of Electric Bicycle Utilization: Results from On-Road Monitoring in Lisbon, Portugal

  • Gonçalo DuarteEmail author
  • Magno Mendes
  • Patrícia Baptista
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8908)


The objective of this work was to estimate the biker real physiological impacts (more specifically heart rate) of using electric bicycles (EB) instead of conventional bicycles (CB), by developing an appropriate methodology for on-road bio-signals data analysis. From the on-road monitoring data of 6 bikers, 2 routes and 3 bicycles in Lisbon, the results indicate a 57 % average reduction in HR variation from the use of EB, since under high power demanding situations, the electric motor attenuates human effort. The energy expenditure evaluation indicates that the total energy spent reaches ≈70 Wh/km for CB, while for EB that value is of ≈51 Wh/km of human energy (28 % lower than the CB) and ≈9 Wh/km of electricity consumption, resulting in a total of ≈60 Wh/km. As a result, using the EB allow a 14 % reduction in the total energy per km compared to the CB.


Conventional and electric bicycles On-road monitoring Physiological signals Bicycle specific power 



The authors would like to acknowledge the sponsors of the research: Prio.e and Eco-critério. Thanks are also due to Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia for the Post-Doctoral financial support (SFRH /BPD /79684 /2011).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gonçalo Duarte
    • 1
    Email author
  • Magno Mendes
    • 1
  • Patrícia Baptista
    • 1
  1. 1.IDMEC - Instituto Superior TécnicoUniversidade de LisboaLisbonPortugal

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