Technology Development and Application Research of Maglev Control

Part of the Springer Tracts in Mechanical Engineering book series (STME)


Suspension control, traction control, and operation control technologies are three key technologies of the electromagnetic suspension Maglev train [1]. Traction control and operational control in the wheel-rail transportation system have been fully studied and applied. Compared with the suspension control technology, the traction control and operation control technologies have relatively matured [2–4]. Since the Maglev suspension control technology is unique, it is still very necessary to study it in engineering applications [5, 6].


Suspension System Suspension Control Maglev Train Suspension System Performance Classical Control Theory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Chang Wensen. Maglev technology development and automatic control [C]. Yichang: 22th Chinese control conference. 2003;8:27–30.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sinha PK. Electronmagnetically suspension dynamics control [M]. London: Peter Peregrinus Ltd; 1987.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Najafi F, Nassar F. Comparison of high-speed rail and Maglev systems [J]. J Transp Eng. 1996;122(4):276–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yasuda Y, Fujino M, Tanaka M, et al. The first HSST maglev commercial train in Japan [C]. In: Proceedings of the 18th international conference on magnetically levitated systems and linear drives (MAGLEV 2004). 2004. p. 76–85.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gerhard Schweitzer, Maslen EH. Magnetic bearings theory, design, and application to rotating machinery [M]. Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Akira Chiba, Tadashi Fukao, Osamu Ichikawa, Masahide Oshima, Masatsugu Takemoto, Dorrell DG. Magnetic bearings, theory and applications [M]. Oxford: Elsevier Press; 2005.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Chang Wensen. The latest research trends of maglev trains [J]. Chin J Sci. 1993;33(6):34–6.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wu Xiangming. Maglev trains [M]. Shanghai: Shanghai Science & Technology Press; 2003.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Liu Huaqing, Li Zhiye. German maglev trains [M]. Chengdu: University of Electronic Science & Technology Press; 1995. p. 17–30.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wei Jichao. Maglev railway system and technology [M]. Beijing: China Science & Technology Press; 2003.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Yoshihide Yasuda, Masaaki Fujino, Masao Tanaka, et al. The first HSST maglev commercial train in Japan [C]. In: Maglev 2004 proceedings. 2004;1:76–85.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ren Zhongyou, Wang Suyu, Wang Jiasu. Levitation force of multi-block YBaCuO high temperature superconductors over a permanent magnetic railway [J]. Cryog Supercond. 2000;28(2):17–21.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Noriyuki Shirakuni, Motoaki Terai, Katsutoshi Watanabe. The status of development and running tests of Superconducting Maglev [C]. In: Maglev 2006 proceedings. 2006. p. 4–9.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Sam Gurol, Bob Baldi. General atomics urban Maglev program status [C]. In: Maglev 2006 proceedings. 2006. p. 44–7.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Richard Thornton, Tracy Clark, Brian Perreault, Jim Wieler, Steve Levine. An M3 Maglev system for old dominion university [C]. In: Maglev 2008 proceedings. 2008;1:29–41.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Zhang Kunlun. Maglev system and its control [D]. PhD thesis. Chengdu: Southwest Jiaotong University; 1990.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Shun Zhang. The low medium speed train pilot system past pilot accreditation [J]. Res Urban Rail Transp. 2001;41(4):69–73.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Liu Zhiming. Low medium speed maglev train technology and domestic engineering development [J]. Rail Transp. 2006;46(4):46–50.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Hong Huajie. Vehicle-guideway coupled vibration of EMS type low speed maglev trains [D]. PhD thesis. Changsha: University of Defense Technology; 2005.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Shi Xiaohong, She Longhua, Chang Wensen. The bifurcation analysis of the EMS maglev vehicle-coupled-guideway system [J]. Chin J Theor Appl Mech. 2004;36(5):634–40.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Wang Hongpo. Vehicle-guideway dynamic interaction of the EMS low speed maglev vehicle [D]. Changsha: University of Defense Technology; 2007.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Zhao Chunfa. Maglev vehicle system dynamics [D]. PhD thesis. Chengdu: Southwest Jiaotong University; 2004.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Wanming Zhai, Zhao Chunfa, Cai Chengbiao. On the comparison of dynamic effects on bridges of maglev trains with high-speed wheel/rail trains [J]. J Traffic Transp Eng. 2001;1(1):7–12.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Zhou Youhe, Wu Jianjun, Zheng Xiaojing. Analysis of dynamic stability for magnetic levitation vehicles by Lyapunov characteristic number [J]. Acta Mech Sinica. 2000;32(1):42–51.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Teng YF, Teng NG, Kou XJ. Vibration analysis of Maglev three-span continuous guideway considering control system [J]. J Zhejiang Univ Sci A. 2008;9(1):8–14.zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Zhou DF, Li J, Hansen CH. Suppression of the stationary Maglev vehicle-bridge coupled resonance using a tuned mass damper [J]. J Vib Control. 2013;19(2):191–203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Zhou DF, Hansen CH, Li J. Suppression of Maglev vehicle-girder self-excited vibration using a virtual tuned mass damper [J]. J Sound Vib. 2011;330:883–901.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Lee N, Han H, Lee J, et al. Maglev vehicle/guideway dynamic interaction based on vibrational experiment [C]. In: Proceedings of international conference on electrical machines and systems. 2007. p. 1999–2003.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Li Yungang, Chang Wensen. Cascade control of an EMS maglev vehicle’s levitation control system [J]. Acta Autom Sinica. 1999;25(2):247–51.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Cui Peng, Li Jie, Zhang Kun. Design of the suspension controller based on compensated feedback linearization [J]. J China Railw Soc. 2010;32(2):37–40.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Long Zhiqiang, Xue Song, He Guang, Xie Yunde. Fault-diagnosis for the accelerometer of maglev suspension system based on signal comparison [J]. Chin J Sci Instrum. 2011;32(12):2642–7.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Long Zhiqiang, Zhou Xiaobing, Yang Quanlin, Yin Liming. System study of permanent maglev train [J]. Electr Drive Locomot. 1996;3:8–11.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Li Hong, Zuo Peng, Liu Weizhi, Yuan Weici. Study on the 6 t single bogie maglev test car [J]. J China Railw Soc. 1999;21(2):26–9.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Shi Xiaohong, She Longhua, Chang Wensen. The bifurcation analysis of the EMS maglev vehicle-coupled-guideway system [J]. Acta Mech Sinica. 2004;36(5):634–40.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Long Zhiqiang, Chen Huixing, Chang Wensen. Fault tolerant control on single suspension module of maglev train with electromagnet failure [J]. Control Theory Appl. 2007;24(6):1033–7.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Long Zhiqiang, Gai Ying, Xu Xin. Comprehensive fault evaluation on maglev train based on estimation of distribution algorithms [J]. Control Decis. 2009;24(4):551–6.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Li Yun, Li Jie, Zhang Geng, Tian Wenjing. Disturbance decoupled fault diagnosis for sensor fault of maglev suspension system [J]. J Cent S Univ Technol. 2013;20:1545–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Li Yun, He Guang, Li Jie. Nonlinear robust observer-based fault detection for networked suspension control system of Maglev train [J]. Math Probl Eng. 2013; Article ID 713560:1–7.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Xue Song, Long Zhiqiang, He Ning, Chang Wensen. A high precision position sensor design and its signal processing algorithm for Maglev train [J]. Sensors. 2012;12:5225–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Zhang Zhizhou. Magnet design and signal processing technology study of permanent magnet electromagnetic low-speed maglev train’s suspension system [D]. PhD thesis. Changsha: University of Defense Technology; 2011.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Li Yungang, Cheng Hu, Long Zhiqiang. Stability analysis and controller design of hybrid EMS Maglev system [C]. In: The 8th international symposium on magnetic suspension technology. 2005. p. 74–8.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Chen Huixing. Design and control of magnets in permanent EMS maglev trains [D]. PhD thesis. Changsha: University of Defense Technology; 2009.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Li Lu, Wu Jun, Zhou Wenwu. Temperature drift compensation for gap sensor of high speed maglev train [J]. Chin J Sensors Actuators. 2008;21(1):70–3.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Hao Aming. Study on key technology of ordinary high speed maglev train guidance system [D]. PhD thesis. Changsha: University of Defense Technology; 2008.Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Li Lu, Zhou Wenwu, Wu Jun. Research on HSMT levitation gap signal processing [J]. Chin J Sci Instrum. 2008;29(9):2001–4.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Guo Xiaozhou, Wang Ying, Wang Shixiong. Location and speed detection system for high-speed maglev vehicle [J]. J Southwest Jiaotong Univ. 2004;39(4):455–9.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Qian Cunyuan, Han Zhengzhi, Shao Derong, Xie Weida. Study of rotor position detection method for linear synchronous motor [J]. Proc CSEE. 2006;26(15):129–33.Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Li Lu, Wu Jun, Luo Honghao. Research of joint-passing of speed and position detection system of maglev train [J]. J China Railw Soc. 2009;31(2):69–72.Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Dai Chunhui, Long Zhiqiang, Xie Yunde, Xue Song. Research on the filtering algorithm in speed and position detection of maglev trains [J]. Sensors. 2011;11:7204–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Hu Yefa. Maglev support technology and development [C]. In: The 5th domestic conference on Maglev bearings. Changsha: China Maglev and Gas Levitation Technical Committee; 2013.Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Su Wenjun, Sun Yanhua, Yu Lie. Rotor periodic vibration suppression for controlled magnetic levitation system [J]. J Xi'an Jiaotong Univ. 2010;44(7):55–8.Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Tian Yongsheng, Sun Yanhua, Yu Lie. Dynamical and experimental researches of active magnetic bearing rotor systems for high-speed PM machines [J]. Proc CSEE. 2012;32(9):116–23.Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Fang Jiancheng. The research progress of high-precision and minimal vibrant magnetic inertial actuator [C]. In: The 5th Chinese symposium on magnetic bearing, Hunan, Changsha, 2013, August 26th-28th, Report of congress.Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Wen Tong, Fang Jiancheng. A feedback linearization control for the nonlinear 5-DOF flywheel suspended by the permanent magnet biased hybrid magnetic bearings [J]. Acta Astronaut. 2012;79:131–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Wang Xi, Fang Jiancheng, Fan Yahong, Liu Hu, Wang Chune, Wen Tong, Sun Jinji. Thimble permanent-magnet-biased radial magnetic bearing for magnetically-suspended-flywheel [J]. J Mech Eng. 2011;47(14):171–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Wu Gang. Study on system design and control methods of hybrid magnetic bearing momentum flywheel [D]. PhD thesis. Changsha: University of Defense Technology; 2006.Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Konstantinos Michail, Argyrios Zolotas, Roger Goodall, et al. Sensor optimization via H∞ applied to a MAGLEV suspension system [C]. In: International conference on control, automation and systems, Prague, Czech Republic, 2008, July 25–27.Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Sung HK, Cho HJ, Yoo MH, et al. Fault tolerant control of electromagnetic levitation system [C]. In: The 18th magnetically levitated system and linear drives conference. China; 2004.Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Long Zhiqiang, Xue Song, Chen Huixing. Passive fault tolerant control for suspension system of Maglev train based on LMI [J]. Comput Simul. 2008;25(2):265–8.Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Zeng Xueming. On electric control system for active magnetic bearing [D]. PhD thesis. Nanjing: Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics; 2002.Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Xu Longxiang, Xiao Jili. Study on the high-speed and high-precision processing maglev spindle system: advanced manufacturing technology [M]. Beijing: China Science & Technology Press; 1997. p. 660–3.Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    Zhang Jiansheng. Study and applications on digital control technology and power amplifier in magnetic levitation support system [D]. PhD thesis. Shanghai: Shanghai University; 2006.Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Zhang Gang, Sun Chang, Zhang Jian, Zhang Hailong, Jiang Dede. Design and experimental verification of axial permanent magnetic bearings [J]. Bearing. 2012;11:5–9.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Southwest Jiaotong UniversityChengduChina
  2. 2.National University of Defense TechnologyChangshaChina

Personalised recommendations