Advertisement

Data and Methods

  • Zongxing Li
Chapter
Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)

Abstract

The observation data of ground stations is the main data source of this study. The data about the daily mean temperature, daily minimum temperature, daily precipitation, daily wind speed, and daily sunshine hours are from the meteorological observation database of National Meteorological Information Center in China Meteorological Administration (http://www.nmic.gov.cn/). The time span of meteorological data is mainly set from January 1, 1961 to December 31, 2008 in order to ensure the length of all data uniform and stable. It is necessary to select qualified observation data by the data quality control before analysis in order to ensure the accuracy of the results of the study. The quality control of meteorological observation data in this study is to examine the date of the daily mean temperature, daily minimum temperature, daily maximum temperature, and daily precipitation by using the international test method and software nonuniformity: RclimDex and RHtest, and to find out the station having data quality problems, then to delete them from the original data, finally, to select the qualified observation stations and to make a statistics and analysis on the basis of this data.

Keywords

Daily Precipitation Daily Maximum Temperature Daily Minimum Temperature Water Vapor Flux Extreme High Temperature 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Aguilar, E., et al. (2005). Changes in precipitation and temperature extremes in Central America and northern South America, 1961–2003. Journal Geophysical Research, 110(D23), 107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alexander, L. V., et al. (2006). Global observed changes in daily climate extremes of temperature and precipitation. Journal Geophysical Research, 111(D05), 109.Google Scholar
  3. Dyurgerov, M. B. (2003). Mountain and subpolar glaciers show an increase in sensitivity to climate warming and intensification of the water cycle. Journal of Hydrology, 282, 164–176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Easterling, D. R., & Peterson, T. C. (1995). A new method for detecting undocumented discontinuities in climatological time series. International Journal of Climatology, 15, 369–377.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Easterling, D. R., et al. (1997). Maximum and minimum temperature trends for the globe. Science, 277, 364–367.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Guo, Q. Y., et al. (2004). Studies on the variations of East-Asian summer monsoon during AD 1873–2000. Atmospheric Sciences, 28(2), 206–215. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  7. Heim, A. (1936). The glaciation and solifluction of MinyaGongkar. Geographical Journal, 87, 444–454.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Jones, P. D., et al. (2008). Urbanization effects in large-scale temperature records, with an emphasis on China. Journal Geophysical Research, 113, D16132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kistler, R., et al. (2001). The NCEP-NCAR 50-year reanalysis: monthly means CD-ROM and documentation. Bulletin of the American Meteorological society, 82, 247–267.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kalnay, E., et al. (1996). The NCEP/NCAR 40-year reanalysis project. Bulletin of the American Meteorological society, 77, 437–471.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Li, J. J., & Su, Z. (1996). Glaciers in Hengduan Mountains. Beijing: Science Press. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  12. Li, Z. X., et al. (2010a). Changes of climate, glaciers and runoff in China’s monsoonal temperate glacier region during the last several decades. Quaternary International, 218(2010), 13–28.Google Scholar
  13. Li, Z. X., et al. (2010b). Changes of the Hailuogou glacier, Mt. Gongga, China, against the background of climate change since the Holocene. Quaternary International, 2010(218), 166–175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Li, Z. X., et al. (2008). Response of “glaciers-runoff” system in a typical temperate-glacier, Hailuogou glacier in Gongga Mountain of China to global change. Scientia Geographica Snica, 28(2), 229–234. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  15. Li, Z. X., et al. (2009a). Changes of some monsoonal temperate glaciersin Hengduan Mountains region during 1900–2007. Acta Geographica Sinica, 64(11), 1319–1330. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  16. Li, Z. X., et al. (2009b). Changes in Hailuogou during the recent 100 years under global warming. Journal Glaciology and Geocryology., 31(1), 75–81. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  17. Liu, B., et al. (2004). Taking China’s temperature: Daily range, warming trends, and regional variations, 1955–2000. Journal of Climate, 17, 4453–4462.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Li, Q. X., et al. (2004a). Urban heat island effect on annual mean temperature during the last 50 years in China. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 79, 165–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Li, Q. X., et al. (2004b). Detecting and adjusting temporal inhomogeneity in Chinese mean surface air temperature data. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 21, 260–268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lund, R., & Reeves, J. (2002). Detection of undocumented change points: A revision of the two-phase regression model. Journal of Climate, 15, 2547–2554.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Liu, Q. (2005). Glacier variation and environmental evolution in Gongga Mountain. A master dissertation in Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  22. Ma, L. J., et al. (2008). Evaluation of ERA-40, NCEP-1, andNCEP-2 reanalysis air temperatures with ground-based measurements in China. Journal Geophysical Research, 113, D15115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. New, M., et al. (2006). Evidence of trends in daily climate extremes over southern and west Africa. Journal Geophysical Research, 111(D14), 102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Pu, J. C. (1994). Glacier inventory of China VIII the Yangtze River system (pp. 117–129). Lanzhou: Gansu Culture Press. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  25. Ren, G., et al. (2008). Urbanization effects on observed surface air temperature trends in north China. Journal of Climate, 21, 1333–1348.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Shen, Y. P. (2000). The latest record of global glacier ablation under the material balance. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology., 22(2), 105. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  27. Su, Z., et al. (2002). Quaternary glacial remains on the Gongga Mountain and the division of glacial period. Advance in Earth Sciences., 17(5), 639–647. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  28. Wu, Z. X. (2005). Analysis on observational data of meteorology in modern China. Meteorology, 31(1), 82–85. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  29. Wang, H. (2001). The weakening of the Asian monsoon circulation after the end of 1970’s. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 18, 376–386.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Wang, Y. Q., & Zhou, L. (2005). Observed trends in extreme precipitation events in China during 1961–2001 and the associated changes in large-scale circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L09707.Google Scholar
  31. Wang, X. L. (2003). Comments on Detection of undocumented change points: A revision of the two-phase regression model. Journal of Climate, 16, 3383–3385.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Wang, S. W., et al. (1998). Construction of annual temperature series in China in recent hundred years. Journal of Applied Meteorological Science, 9(4), 392–401. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  33. Xu, M., et al. (2006). Steady decline of east Asian monsoon winds, 1969–2000: Evidence from direct ground measurements of wind speed. Journal Geophysical Research, 111, D24111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Yang, Z. S., et al. (1994). The Application of Evaporation Ration (E/E_0) to the regionalization and classification of arid and humid climate of Yunnan Province. Journal of Yunnan University (Natural Sciences), 16(supplement), 91–98. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  35. Zhang, X. L., et al. (2004). Avoiding inhomogeneities in percentile-based indices of temperature extremes. Journal of Climate, 18, 1641–1651.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Zhang, W. J., et al. (2001). Response of Hailuogou present ice on climate change. The environment and ecosystem in the eastern edge of Qinghai-Xizang Plateau (pp. 111–118). Chengdu: Sichuan University Press. (in Chinese).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cold and Arid Region Environment and Engineering Research InstituteChinese Academy of SciencesLanzhouChina

Personalised recommendations