Advertisement

Analysis of Platinum Group Elements in Environmental Samples: A Review

  • Roland Schindl
  • Kerstin LeopoldEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)

Abstract

This review critically discusses techniques for separation, pre-concentration and detection of platinum group elements in environmental samples. State-of-the-art methods and novel approaches, which were published after 2005 are described and summarized. Thereby, only publications were considered where measurements of real environmental samples and/or reference materials were performed for proof of applicability.

Keywords

Platinum Group Element Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry Flow Injection Analysis System Achieve Detection Limit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Afzali D, Jamshidi R, Ghaseminezhad S, Afzali Z (2012) Preconcentration procedure trace amounts of palladium using modified multiwalled carbon nanotubes sorbent prior to flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Arab J Chem 5:461–466CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alsenz H, Zereini F, Wiseman CLS, Püttmann W (2009) Analysis of palladium concentrations in airborne particulate matter with reductive co-precipitation, He collision gas, and ID-ICP-Q-MS. Anal Bioanal Chem 395:1919–1927CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bagheri A, Behbahani M, Amini MM et al (2012) Preconcentration and separation of ultra-trace palladium ion using pyridine-functionalized magnetic nanoparticles. Microchim Acta 178:261–268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Battke F, Leopold K, Maier M et al (2008) Palladium exposure of barley: uptake and effects. Plant Biol 10:272–276CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Boch K, Schuster M, Risse G, Schwarzer M (2002) Microwave-assisted digestion procedure for the determination of palladium in road dust. Anal Chim Acta 459:257–265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Borisov OV, Coleman DM, Oudsema KA, Carter RO III (1997) Determination of Platinum, Palladium, Rhodium and Titanium in automotive catalytic converters using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry with liquid nebulization. J Anal At Spectrom 12:239–246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Ely JC, Neal CR, O’Neill JA Jr, Jain JC (1999) Quantifying the platinum group elements (PGEs) and gold in geological samples using cation exchange pretreatment and ultrasonic nebulization inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (USN-ICP-MS). Chem Geol 157:219–234CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Essumang DK (2010) First determination of the levels of Platinum group metals in manta birostris (Manta Ray) caught along the ghanaian coastline. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 84:720–725CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Essumang DK, Adokoh CK, Boamponsem L (2010) Levels of Platinum group metals in selected species (Sarotherodon melanotheron, Chonophorus lateristriga, Macrobrachium vollenhovenii and Crassostrea tulipa) in some estuaries and lagoons along the coast of Ghana. Sci World J 10:1971–1987CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gao B, Yu Y, Zhou H, Lu J (2012) Accumulation and distribution characteristics of platinum group elements in roadside dusts in Beijing, China. Environ Toxicol Chem 31:1231–1238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ghaseminezhad S, Afzali D, Taher MA (2009) Flame atomic absorption spectrometry for the determination of trace amount of rhodium after separation and preconcentration onto modified multiwalled carbon nanotubes as a new solid sorbent. Talanta 80:168–172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gilbert S, Danyushevsky L, Robinson P et al (2013) A comparative study of five reference materials and the lombard meteorite for the determination of the platinum-group elements and gold by LA-ICP-MS. Geostand Geoanalytical Res 37:51–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gómez MB, Gómez MM, Palacios MA (2000) Control of interferences in the determination of Pt, Pd and Rh in airborne particulate matter by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Anal Chim Acta 404:285–294CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gómez MB, Gómez MM, Palacios MA (2003) ICP-MS determination of Pt, Pd and Rh in airborne and road dust after tellurium coprecipitation. J Anal At Spectrom 18:80–83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Herincs E, Puschenreiter M, Wenzel W, Limbeck A (2013) A novel flow-injection method for simultaneous measurement of platinum (Pt), palladium (Pd) and rhodium (Rh) in aqueous soil extracts of contaminated soil by ICP-OES. J Anal At Spectrom 28:354–363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Köllensperger G, Hann S, Stingeder G (2000) Determination of Rh, Pd and Pt in environmental silica containing matrices: capabilities and limitations of ICP-SFMS. J Anal At Spectrom 15:1553–1557CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Leopold K, Maier M, Weber S, Schuster M (2008) Long-term study of palladium in road tunnel dust and sewage sludge ash. Environ Pollut Barking Essex 1987 156:341–347Google Scholar
  18. Leśniewska BA, Godlewska-Żyłkiewicz B, Ruszczyńska A et al (2006) Elimination of interferences in determination of platinum and palladium in environmental samples by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Anal Chim Acta 564:236–242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Li L, Leopold K, Schuster M (2012) Effective and selective extraction of noble metal nanoparticles from environmental water through a noncovalent reversible reaction on an ionic exchange resin. Chem Commun 48:9165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Limbeck A (2006) Microwave-assisted UV-digestion procedure for the accurate determination of Pd in natural waters. Anal Chim Acta 575:114–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Locatelli C (2006a) Simultaneous square wave stripping voltammetric determination of platinum group metals (PGMs) and lead at trace and ultratrace concentration level: Application to surface water. Anal Chim Acta 557:70–77CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Locatelli C (2006b) Possible interference in the sequential voltammetric determination at trace and ultratrace concentration level of platinum group metals (PGMs) and lead: Application to environmental matrices. Electrochim Acta 52:614–622CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Ma GS-K, Malpas J, Gao J-F et al (2013) Platinum-group element geochemistry of intraplate basalts from the Aleppo Plateau, NW Syria. Geol Mag 150:497–508CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Malejko J, Godlewska-Żyłkiewicz B, Kojło A (2010) A novel flow-injection method for the determination of Pt(IV) in environmental samples based on chemiluminescence reaction of lucigenin and biosorption. Talanta 81:1719–1724CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Malejko J, Szygałowicz M, Godlewska-Żyłkiewicz B, Kojło A (2012) Sorption of platinum on immobilized microorganisms for its on-line preconcentration and chemiluminescent determination in water samples. Microchim Acta 176:429–435CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Matthey J (2012) Platinum 2012. Platin Met Rev 56:200–201Google Scholar
  27. Messerschmidt J, von Bohlen A, Alt F, Klockenkämper R (2000) Separation and enrichment of palladium and gold in biological and environmental samples, adapted to the determination by total reflection X-ray fluorescence. Analyst 125:397–399CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Mihaljevič M, Galušková I, Strnad L, Majer V (2013) Distribution of platinum group elements in urban soils, comparison of historically different large cities Prague and Ostrava, Czech Republic. J Geochem Explor 124:212–217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Orecchio S, Amorello D (2011) Platinum levels in urban soils from Palermo (Italy); Analytical method using voltammetry. Microchem J 99:283–288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Orecchio S, Amorello D, Carollo C (2012) Voltammetric determination of platinum in perfusate and blood: Preliminary data on pharmacokinetic study of arterial infusion with oxaliplatin. Microchem J 100:72–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Osbahr I, Klemd R, Oberthür T et al (2013) Platinum-group element distribution in base-metal sulfides of the Merensky Reef from the eastern and western Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Miner Deposita 48:211–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Pan S, Zhang G, Sun Y, Chakraborty P (2009) Accumulating characteristics of platinum group elements (PGE) in urban environments, China. Sci Total Environ 407:4248–4252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Puls C, Limbeck A, Hann S (2012) Bioaccessibility of palladium and platinum in urban aerosol particulates. Atmos Environ 55:213–219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Schindl R, Malle L, Maier M, Leopold K (2014) Mobility of traffic-related palladium emissions in soil and porous media. submittedGoogle Scholar
  35. Schuster M, Schwarzer M (1996) Selective determination of palladium by on-line column preconcentration and graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. Anal Chim Acta 328:1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Schwarzer M, Schuster M, von Hentig R (2000) Determination of palladium in gasoline by neutron activation analysis and automated column extraction. Fresenius J Anal Chem 368:240–243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Shinotsuka K, Suzuki K (2007) Simultaneous determination of platinum group elements and rhenium in rock samples using isotope dilution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry after cation exchange separation followed by solvent extraction. Anal Chim Acta 603:129–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Simpson LA, Thomsen M, Alloway BJ, Parker A (2001) A dynamic reaction cell (DRC) solution to oxide-based interferences in inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) analysis of the noble metals. J Anal At Spectrom 16:1375–1380CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Spada N, Bozlaker A, Chellam S (2012) Multi-elemental characterization of tunnel and road dusts in Houston, Texas using dynamic reaction cell-quadrupole-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry: evidence for the release of platinum group and anthropogenic metals from motor vehicles. Anal Chim Acta 735:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Sutherland RA (2007) Platinum-group element concentrations in BCR-723: A quantitative review of published analyses. Anal Chim Acta 582:201–207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Sutherland RA, Pearson DG, Ottley CJ (2007) Platinum-group elements (Ir, Pd, Pt and Rh) in road-deposited sediments in two urban watersheds. Hawaii. Appl Geochem 22:1485–1501CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Totland MM, Jarvis I, Jarvis KE (1995) Microwave digestion and alkali fusion procedures for the determination of the platinum-group elements and gold in geological materials by ICP-MS. Chem Geol 124:21–36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Tsogas GZ, Giokas DL, Vlessidis AG, Evmiridis NP (2008) On the re-assessment of the optimum conditions for the determination of platinum, palladium and rhodium in environmental samples by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry and microwave digestion. Talanta 76:635–641CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Urban H, Zereini F, Skerstupp B, Tarkian M (1995) The determination of platinum-group elements (PGE) by nickel sulfide fire-assay: Coexisting PGE-phases in the nickel sulfide button. Fresenius J Anal Chem 352:537–543CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Wedepohl K-H (1995) The composition of the continental crust. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 59:1217–1232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Welz B, Sperling M (1997) Atomabsorptionsspektrometrie, 4th edn. Wiley-VCH, WeinheimCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Whiteley JD, Murray F (2005) Autocatalyst-derived platinum, palladium and rhodium (PGE) in infiltration basin and wetland sediments receiving urban runoff. Sci Total Environ 341:199–209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Wichmann H, Anquandah GAK, Schmidt C et al (2007) Increase of platinum group element concentrations in soils and airborne dust in an urban area in Germany. Sci Total Environ 388:121–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Winge RK, Fassel VA, Peterson VJ, Floyd MA (1993) Inductively coupled plasma atomic emission Spectroscopy. An atlas of spectral information. Elsevier, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  50. Zereini F, Alsenz H, Wiseman CLS et al (2012) Platinum group elements (Pt, Pd, Rh) in airborne particulate matter in rural vs. urban areas of Germany: Concentrations and spatial patterns of distribution. Sci Total Environ 416:261–268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Zereini F, Urban H, Lüschow H-M (1994) Zur Bestimmung von Platingruppenelementen (PGE) in geologischen Proben nach der Nickelsulfid-Dokimasie. Erzmetall 47:45–52Google Scholar
  52. Zereini F, Wiseman C, Püttmann W (2007) Changes in Palladium, Platinum, and Rhodium Concentrations, and Their Spatial Distribution in Soils Along a Major Highway in Germany from 1994 to 2004. Environ Sci Technol 41:451–456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Zimmermann S, Messerschmidt J, von Bohlen A, Sures B (2003) Determination of Pt, Pd and Rh in biological samples by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry as compared with adsorptive cathodic stripping voltammetry and total-reflection X-ray fluorescence analysis. Anal Chim Acta 498:93–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Analytical and Bioanalytical ChemistryUniversity of UlmUlmGermany

Personalised recommendations