Biological Effects of PGE on Aquatic Organisms

  • Bernd SuresEmail author
  • Nadine Ruchter
  • Sonja Zimmermann
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


It is known since many years that the PGE Pt, Pd and Rh may have a range of negative effects on any forms of biota. Within this chapter the authors arrange literature data on these effects in the aquatic biosphere in a hierarchical model, which is used in ecotoxicology. This biomarker model helps to evaluate possible needs for further studies on specific levels. It emerges from the available data that a couple of adverse effects occurs if aquatic protists or organisms are exposed to PGE. However, usually relatively high exposure concentrations were applied exceeding current environmental concentrations of PGE. Moreover, most experiments focus on short exposure periods, which is in contrast to long lasting natural exposure conditions. Additionally, no information is available on effects of PGE on populations of organisms, as most studies are focussing on acute adverse effects of single test organisms. As a final conclusion it emerges that there is a strong need to perform multi-species studies addressing effects following exposure to chronic PGE concentrations as environmental concentrations of PGE still remain relatively low compared to effect concentrations of acute toxicity tests.


Zebra Mussel Acute Toxicity Test Periphyton Community Microcosm Study Human Bronchial Epithelial Cell Line 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Aquatic Ecology and Centre for Water and Environmental Research (ZWU)University of Duisburg-EssenEssenGermany

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