Field Studies on PGE in Aquatic Ecosystems

  • Nadine RuchterEmail author
  • Sonja Zimmermann
  • Bernd Sures
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


Aquatic ecosystems can be considered as an important sink of platinum group elements. Different sources, like road runoff or industrial effluents are directly discharged into aquatic ecosystems. This article summarizes the recent knowledge on PGE (mainly Pt, Pd, and Rh) in aquatic ecosystems. It analyzes different routes into freshwater and saltwater systems, and summarizes the concentrations in the relevant matrices like water, sediments and biota. Results of our literature analysis show, that PGE can be detected in all matrices analyzed originating from all aquatic ecosystems investigated. Several studies further indicate that concentrations are still rising. It is further evident, that there is still a lack of data concerning the bioavailability of all PGE for aquatic plants and animals and that there is still a need of well performed and documented field studies.


Zebra Mussel Platinum Group Element Urban River Road Runoff Pomphorhynchus Laevis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Aquatic Ecology and Centre for Water and Environmental Research (ZWU)University of Duisburg-EssenEssenGermany

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