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Sources of Platinum Group Elements in the Environment

  • Sebastien RauchEmail author
  • Bernhard Peucker-Ehrenbrink
Chapter
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)

Abstract

Platinum group elements (PGE, i.e. Pt, Pd, Rh, Ir, Ru, Os) are among the least abundant elements in the Earth’s continental crust. PGE concentrations in urban and roadside environments are, however, increasing as a result of anthropogenic emissions. Automobile catalysts are generally considered the main PGE source into the urban and roadside environments. We argue that most studies to date have been carried out with a presumption of potential sources, and this bias may have masked additional, yet unidentified PGE sources. Comparison of environmental records at urban locations suggests that PGE emissions reflect contributions from several sources, including automobile catalysts, industry and medical treatment centers. Coal combustion may also contribute to urban PGE fluxes. Environmental records at remote locations support contributions from such diverse sources. Estimates of PGE emissions, however uncertain, indicate that these diverse sources contribute significantly to the global PGE budget at the Earth’s surface.

Keywords

Emission Rate Platinum Group Element Fossil Fuel Combustion Remote Environment Global Annual Production 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringChalmers University of TechnologyGothenburgSweden
  2. 2.Department of Marine Chemistry and GeochemistryWoods Hole Oceanographic InstitutionWoods HoleUSA

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