Measurement Circuits and Setup

  • Bernhard GollEmail author
  • Horst Zimmermann
Part of the Springer Series in Advanced Microelectronics book series (MICROELECTR., volume 50)


In this chapter circuits being necessary on chip to be able to measure the performance of the investigated comparators are described. First a buffer with a very low input capacitance and a 50 \(\Omega \) output resistance is introduced, which bridges the gap between on-chip comparator and measurement equipment. An on-chip temperature sensor follows, which allows to monitor the temperature of the comparator chip. Furthermore, a transfer stage, delay time measurements of the comparator, clock driver, and votlage-controlled delay line are described. The complete on- and off-chip measurement setup inclusive microcontroller board follow.


  1. 1.
    P.R. Gray, P.J. Hurst, S.H. Lews, R.G. Meyer, Analysis and Design of Analog Integrated Circuits (Wiley, New York, 2001)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    K. Tanno, H. Matsumoto, O. Ishizuka, Zheng Tang, Simple CMOS voltage follower with resistive load driveability. IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. II 46(2), 172–177 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    V. Kasemsuwan, P. Boonyaporn, A. Thanachayanont, \(\pm \)1.5 V high performance CMOS rail to rail voltage follower. IEEE Asia-Pacific Conf. 2, 425–428 (2002)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. Milkovic, A high-speed local feedback unity-gain amplifier. IEEE Proceedings of the 35th Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems 2, 904–907 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    G. Palmisano, P. Palumbo, S. Pennisis, High-performance and simple CMOS unity-gain amplifier. IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I 47(3), 406–410 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    B. Goll, H. Zimmermann, A Five-Stage 10 GHz Voltage Buffer in 120 nm CMOS Technology, in 12th International Conference of Mixed Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, pp. 385–389 (2005)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    T. Voo, C. Toumazou, High-speed current mirror resistive compensation technique. IET Electron. Lett. 31(4), 248–250 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    F. Schlögl, H. Zimmermann, in 1.5 GHz OPAMP in 120 nm digital CMOS, IEEE European Solid-State Circuits Conference, pp. 239–242 (2004)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. Spinola-Durante, Development of an on-chip circuit for delay measurement of a comparator in 120 nm CMOS technology. Master-Thesis, Vienna University of Technology, Supervisors: H. Zimmermann, B. Goll, G. Ripamonti (2005)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Temperature Sensors, Application Note 1057, Accessed 17 April 2002
  11. 11.
    MAX6655/MAX6656 Dual Remote/Local Temperature Sensors and Four-Channel Voltage Monitors, Datasheet, 19–2117, Rev 0, 7/01, MAXIM Integrated Products (2001),
  12. 12.
    B. Goll, M. Spinola Durante, H. Zimmermann, in An on-chip technique to measure the delay time of a comparatorin 120 nm CMOS technology, Austrochip, pp. 71–75 (2005)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    B. Goll, M. Spinola Durante, H. Zimmermann, A Measurement Technique to obtain the delay time of a comparator in 120 nm CMOS, in 13th International Conference of Mixed Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems (MIXDES), pp. 563–568 (2006)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    B. Goll, H. Zimmermann, in Simple Creation of Half and Full Frequency, Inverted and Non-Inverted Clock Signals with Maximum 10 ps Delay Time Differences in 120 nm CMOS, Austrochip, pp. 143-148 (2006)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    PIC18FXX2 28/40-pin High Performance, Enhanced FLASH Microcontrollers with 10-Bit A/D, Datasheet, Microchip Technology Inc. (2002),
  16. 16.
    MAX5732-MAX5735 32-Channel, 16-Bit, Voltage-Output DACs with Serial Interface, Datasheet, 19–3148, Rev 6, 4/05, MAXIM Integrated Products (2005),
  17. 17.
    74HCT244 Octal buffer/line driver; 3-state, Datasheet, Philips Semiconductors (1990),
  18. 18.
    74HCT240 Octal buffer/line driver; 3-state; inverting, Datasheet, Philips Semiconductors (1990),
  19. 19.
    74HC/HCT04 Hex inverter, Datasheet, Philips Semiconductors (1993),
  20. 20.
    MAX202E-MAX213E, MAX232E/MAX241E \(\pm \)15 kV ESD-Protected, \(+5\) V RS-232 Tranceivers, Datasheet, 19–0175, Rev 6, 3/05, MAXIM Integrated Products (2000),
  21. 21.
    JM162A or 162A, Datasheet, Shenzhen Jinghua Display (JHD) (2005),
  22. 22.
    74HC/HCT573 Octal D-type transparent latch, Datasheet, Philips Semiconductors (1990),
  23. 23.
    MAX396/MAX397 Precision 16-Channel/Dual 8-Channel, Low-Voltage, CMOS Analog Multiplexers, Datasheet, 19–0404, Rev 1, 9/96, MAXIM Integrated Products (1996),
  24. 24.
    LT1021 Precision Reference, Datasheet, Linear Technologies (1995),
  25. 25.
    MAX3930 Evaluation Kit, Datasheet, 19–2070, Rev 0, 6/01, MAXIM Integrated Products (2001),
  26. 26.
    TL1431 Programmable Voltage Reference, Datasheet, former SGS-Thomson Microelectronics, now STMicroelectronics (1998),

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Electrodynamics, Microwave and Circuit Engineering (EMCE)TU WienWienAustria

Personalised recommendations