‘Peace in the Noise’: Harmony, Face and Reciprocity in Hutong Spaces

  • Qingqing Yang


A ‘courtyard’ is written in Chinese as the character siheyuan (四合院). Si (四) means ‘four’, which stands for four sides of the siheyuan. He (合) means ‘coming together’. Yuan (院) refers to ‘a yard’. If we try to put all these meaning together, we will see siheyuan literally means a four-sided closed yard. The following picture shows a bird’s-eye view of a siheyuan, and we can clearly see the courtyard’s four-sided, closed structure.


Physical Space Family Business Social Space Private Space Residential Form 
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Copyright information

© Foreign Language Teaching and Research Publishing Co., Ltd and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qingqing Yang
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Ethnology and SociologyMinzu University of ChinaBeijingChina

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