Cardiopulmonary Emergencies

  • Jennifer MichlitschEmail author
Part of the Pediatric Oncology book series (PEDIATRICO)


Children with malignancies are at risk for a number of cardiopulmonary complications. These are most frequently seen at the time of initial presentation but can also be seen in the setting of progressive disease or relapse. When severe, these complications require prompt evaluation and may require emergency intervention. This chapter reviews the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis and treatment of the most common cardiopulmonary emergencies seen in the pediatric oncology population: superior vena cava and superior mediastinal syndromes, pericardial effusion and tamponade, pleural effusion, hypertensive emergencies, and pulmonary leukostasis. Recommendations for management are included and graded based on a review of the existing available evidence.


Pleural Effusion Pericardial Effusion Pleural Fluid Cardiac Tamponade Peak Expiratory Flow Rate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Hematology/OncologyChildren’s Hospital and Research Center OaklandOaklandUSA

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