Find the Missing Element! Haptic Identification of Incomplete Pictures by Sighted and Visually Impaired Children

  • Anaïs MazellaEmail author
  • Jean-Michel Albaret
  • Delphine Picard
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8619)


This study investigates the haptic identification of incomplete raised-line drawings (i.e., pictures with a missing element) by sighted and early visually impaired children aged 9–10 years. Incomplete pictures have already been used in the visual modality to assess perceptual reasoning in children, but not yet under the haptic modality. We found that success at identifying incomplete raised-line pictures (correct naming of object plus missing feature) concerned 32.65 % of children’s responses, suggesting that the task was hard although not entirely impossible. Overall, the visually impaired children outperformed the sighted controls at this task. However, there was a large variation in responses across items, and the superiority of the visually impaired children over their sighted peers was not systematic. We concluded that adapting materials from the Wechsler’ image completion subtest to the haptic modality may be relevant to investigate haptic perceptual reasoning in children with and without visual impairments.


Haptic perception Incomplete raised-line pictures Visual impairment 



This work was supported in part by a grant from the PRES of Toulouse and Région Midi-Pyrénées attributed to the first author for her Ph.D. Thesis. We thank Mélanie Labardin, Cival-Lestrade Centre, Sandra Mesnières, Alfred Peyrelongue Centre, and the children who took part in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anaïs Mazella
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Jean-Michel Albaret
    • 1
  • Delphine Picard
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.PRISSMH EA4561Université Toulouse III Paul SabatierToulouseFrance
  2. 2.PSYCLE EA3273Aix Marseille UniversitéAix en ProvenceFrance
  3. 3.Institut Universitaire de FranceParisFrance

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