Assessment of Tactile Languages as Navigation Aid in 3D Environments

  • Victor Adriel de J. Oliveira
  • Anderson MacielEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8619)


In this paper we present the design and evaluate alternative tactile vocabularies to support navigation in 3D environments. We have focused on the tactile communication expressiveness by applying a prefixation approach in the construction of the tactile icons. We conducted user experiments to analyze the effects of both prefixation and the use of tactile sequences on the user’s performance in a navigation task. Results show that, even if tactile sequences are more difficult to process during the navigation task, the prefixed patterns were easier to learn in all assessed vocabularies.


Vibrotactile communication 3D navigation User study 



Thanks are due to the people that volunteered for the tests. We also acknowledge CAPES, CNPq-Brazil (305071/2012-2) and AES Sul for the financial support.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Victor Adriel de J. Oliveira
    • 1
  • Anderson Maciel
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Instituto de Informática (INF)Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS)Porto AlegreBrazil

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