The classic Beverton-Holt (discrete logistic) difference equation, which arises in population dynamics, has a globally asymptotically stable equilibrium (for positive initial conditions) if its coefficients are constants. If the coefficients change in time, then the equation becomes nonautonomous and the asymptotic dynamics might not be as simple. One reason the coefficients can change in time is their evolution by natural selection. If the model coefficients are functions of a heritable phenotypic trait subject to natural selection then, by standard methods for modeling evolution, the model becomes a planar system of coupled difference equations, consisting of a Beverton-Holt type equation for the population dynamics and a difference equation for the dynamics of the mean phenotypic trait. We consider a case when the trait equation uncouples from the population dynamic equation and obtain criteria under which the evolutionary system has globally asymptotically stable equilibria or periodic solutions.
Traitement Par Population Dynamics Equations Global Asymptotic Stability (GAS) Equilibrium Selection Critical Traits
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J.M. Cushing was supported by NSF grant DMS 0917435.
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