Evolution in Science

  • Tönu Puu


Logical empiricist philosophy of Science, as represented by Sir Karl Popper and others around 1950, provided the perfect philosophical foundation for modern empirical science. It finally did away with the naive empiricism founded on Hume’s induction logic. The abstraction and idealization process, always present in scientific modelling, be it zero dimensional mass points or utility maximizing consumers, was allowed for. The same was true about the theoretical concepts, such as gravity, electron shells, or the subconscious, which could not be completely defined in terms of empirically observed facts. Yet there was a linkage to reality through the empirical generalizations, deductively derived statements in which the theoretical concepts had been eliminated, only empirically meaningful concepts, observable through operational rules, remaining.


Logical Empiricism Empirical Generalization Female Scientist Teleological Explanation Great Mathematician 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tönu Puu
    • 1
  1. 1.CERUMUmeå UniversityUmeåSweden

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