ICT as a Catalyst of Innovation
Research in educational technology has revealed that technology can be an important resource for the quality of teaching and learning processes both for the learning of disciplinary contents and for the acquisition of transversal cognitive competencies. However, many research studies have also demonstrated that new technologies only have an impact on teaching and learning processes if there is co-evolution of ICT and schooling. This co-evolution should entail novel educational strategies, pedagogical activities, and roles in which teachers and students are both actively involved, as well as development of educational institutions’ general organization and policies. Change at this level is extremely challenging; it involves numerous changes in educational practices and resources, as well as in educational policies. Countries throughout the world have established different national strategies for integrating ICT in their schools. This paper examines the situation in Italy, focussing in particular on the national plan for digital schools and on some of the different projects that have been launched under this umbrella. The paper reports some of the initial outcomes of the plan, which is presently underway, and looks at some of its strengths and weaknesses taking into account a review of this plan made recently by OECD. A few exemplary experiences carried out in recent years are also discussed with the aim of identifying positive indications and possible interesting developments.
KeywordsSchool innovation Digital schools ICT policies in education Technology-enhanced learning Learning environments
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