Commercial Plant-Produced Recombinant Avidin

Chapter
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 68)

Abstract

Recombinant egg white avidin was the first recombinant protein product manufactured and sold from a plant system. Recombinant avidin is functionally equivalent to chicken avidin, including its binding activity to biotin. This recombinant protein was used to demonstrate that plants cannot only be used to express animal proteins but these could be purified economically to produce a competitive product. Recombinant avidin was also in ground corn meal that was fed to mice to demonstrate that the protein can survive the digestive system and elicit antibodies when orally delivered in the corn matrix. Thus, avidin demonstrated the utility of the plant production system in general as well as its utility as a delivery system for oral vaccines.

Keywords

Biomass Toxicity Corn Carbohydrate Codon 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Arkansas Biosciences InstituteArkansas State UniversityJonesboroUSA
  2. 2.Applied Biotechnology InstituteSan Luis ObispoUSA

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