Epidemiology of Medication-Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaw

Chapter

Abstract

Osteonecrosis of the jaw is a devastating side effect of long-term bisphosphonate (BP) use. We investigated epidemiological aspects of Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (BRONJ/MRONJ).

The epidemiology of BRONJ/MRONJ was divided according to the type of BPs and the route of administration: specifically, osteoporotic patients who are often administered oral BPs and cancer patients who predominantly receive intravenous BPs.

The prevalence of BRONJ/MRONJ with oral BP use was estimated as being between 0.01 and 0.05 %, and it was higher after dental extraction. The prevalence of BRONJ/MRONJ with intravenous BP administration reached as high as 10 %, with the highest prevalence observed among multiple myeloma patients and the lowest prevalence measured among breast cancer patients.

Keywords

Osteoporosis Myeloma Bisphosphonates Alendronate Periodontitis 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Oral and Maxillofacial SurgerySheba Medical CenterShebaIsrael

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