Overview of the 4EM Method

  • Kurt Sandkuhl
  • Janis Stirna
  • Anne Persson
  • Matthias Wißotzki
Part of the The Enterprise Engineering Series book series (TEES)


This chapter begins the description of the 4EM method by providing an introduction to the essential features and principles that will be examined in greater depth in Chaps. 8 and 9. “4EM” is an abbreviation of “For Enterprise Modeling.” The 4EM method is comprised of three core elements: a defined modeling procedure using a fixed notation, project organization and roles for performing an enterprise modeling project, and a participatory approach to involve enterprise stakeholders.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kurt Sandkuhl
    • 1
  • Janis Stirna
    • 2
  • Anne Persson
    • 3
  • Matthias Wißotzki
    • 1
  1. 1.University of RostockRostockGermany
  2. 2.Stockholm UniversityStockholmSweden
  3. 3.University of SkövdeSkövdeSweden

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