Evolution Strategies and Evolutionary Programming
In this chapter, two significant evolutionary algorithms, evolution strategies and evolutionary programming, are presented.
Evolution strategies (ES) was developed by Rechenberg and Schwefel [530, 531, 560, 561] in the 1960s and attracted a large following amongst researchers and practitioners, particularly in Europe. ES has been extensively used as a tool for solving real-valued optimisation problems and has also been successfully applied for combinatorial optimisation, for constrained optimisation and for multiobjective optimisation.
KeywordsEurope Covariance Recombination Nism Metaphor
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