Retinoblastoma: Intravitreal Chemotherapy



The poor prognostic value of diffuse vitreous seeding (primary) is a hallmark of advanced retinoblastoma characterizing group D eyes in the International Classification of Retinoblastoma [1]. The presence of vitreous seeds has long been recognized as a major risk factor for eye survival. Reese [2] already noted that the prognosis of eyes with vitreous seeding at presentation was “very unfavorable” and classified them in the worst eye group (Vb).


Toxicity Dust Retina Coherence Syringe 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Retinoblastoma ClinicJules-Gonin Eye HospitalLausanneSwitzerland
  2. 2.Laboratory of Ocular PathologyJules-Gonin Eye HospitalLausanneSwitzerland

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