Advertisement

Cat’s Tail Vertical Scar Mastopexy with Bipedicle Flap for Ptotic Breasts

  • Umar D. Khan
Chapter

Abstract

Women are conscious of their looks and body proportions and that may, in turn, affect their self-esteem immensely and have a positive impact on their confidence. For the same reason, many females feel incomplete without well-proportioned or positioned breasts. There are a number of procedures available today to treat ptosis in order to restore normal NAC to IMC relationship configuration and rejuvenate the lost breast shape at the same time. The selection of the procedure depends on physical findings and experience and preference of the surgeon’s anatomy of a normal and ptotic breast. The author discusses the history of ptosis surgery and described the technique of cat’s tail vertical scar mastopexy with pedicle flap.

Keywords

Xiphoid Process Vertical Scar Augmentation Mammaplasty Good Blood Supply Ptotic Breast 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    The American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery Cosmetic Surgery National Data Bank Statistics 2010. Accessed at: http://www.surgery.org/sites/default?files/2009stats.pdf. Last Accessed 13 Sept 2012.
  2. 2.
    Last RJ. Anatomy regional and applied. 6th ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone; 1978. p. 65–6.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Regnault P. Breast ptosis. Clin Plast Surg. 1976;3(2):193–203.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Pousson J. De la Mastopexie. Bull Mem Soc Chir (Paris). 1897;23:507–8.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Girard C. Uber mastoptose und mastopexie. Arch Klin Chir. 1910;92:829–42.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lotsch F. Uber hangebrustplastik. Zentrabl Chir. 1923;50:1241–4.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Khan UD. Vertical scar bipedicle technique. A modified procedure for breast reduction and mastopexy. Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2007;31(4):337–42.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pitanguy I. Surgical correction of breast hypertrophy. Br J Plast Surg. 1967;20(1):78–85.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Srombeck JO. Mammoplasty: report of a new technique based on the two pedicle procedure. Br J Plast Surg. 1960;13:79–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Skoog T. A technique for breast reduction. Transposition of the nipple on a cutaneous vascular pedicle. Acta Chir Scand. 1963;126:453–65.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Wise RJ. A preliminary report on a method planning the mammoplasty. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1956;17(5):367–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Dufourmentel L. L’incision arelaire dans la chirurgie du sein. Bull Mem Soc Chir (Paris). 1928;20:9–14.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Regnault P. Breast reduction: B technique. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1980;65(6):840–5.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Goulian Jr D. Dermal Mastopexy. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1971;47(2):105–10.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Lassus C. A technique for breast reduction. Int Surg. 1970;53(1):69–72.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Marchac D, De Olarte G. Reduction mammoplasty and correction of ptosis with a short inframammary scar. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1982;69(1):45–55.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Lejour M, Abboud M, DeClety A, Kertesz P. Reduction des cicatrices de plastie mammaire de lancre courte a la verticale. Ann Chir Plast Esthet. 1990;35(5):369–79.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    McKissock PK. Reduction mammoplasty with a vertical dermal flap. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1972;49(3):245–52.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Robbins TH. A reduction mammoplasty with the areola-nipple based on an inferior dermal pedicle. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1977;59(1):64–7.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Asplund O, Davies DM. Vertical scar breast reduction with medial flap or glandular transposition of the nipple areola. Br J Plast Surg. 1996;49(8):507–14.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Lejour M. Vertical mammoplasty and liposuction of the breast. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1994;94(1):100–14.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Benelli L. A new periareolar mammoplasty, “The Round Block” technique. Aesthetic Plast Surg. 1990;14(2):93–100.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Khan UD. Vertical scar mastopexy with cat’s tail extension for prevention of skin redundancy. an experience with 17 consecutive cases following mastopexy and mastopexy with breast augmentation. On Line First. Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2012;36(2):303–7.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Khan UD. Augmentation mastopexy in muscle splitting biplane: an outcome of first 44 consecutive cases of mastopexies in a new pocket. Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2010;34(3):313–21.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Leone MS, Franchelli S, Berrino P, Santi PL. Vertical mammoplasty: a personal approach. Aesthetic Plast Surg. 1997;21(5):356–61.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Kuran I, Tumerdem B. Vertical reduction mammoplasty: preventing skin redundancy at the vertical scar in women with large breasts or poor skin elasticity. Aesthet Surg J. 2007;27(3):336–41.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Hollander E. Die operation der mammahypertrophie und der hangebrust. Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 1924;50:1400–2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    De Almelda CIC. Mammoplasty with L-incision. Aesthet Surg J. 2004;24(2):102–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ReShape Cosmetic Surgery UKWest Malling KentUK

Personalised recommendations