Advertisement

Noncooperative Bargaining Models

  • J. C. Harsanyi

Abstract

Classical game theory makes a fundamental distinction between cooperative and non-cooperative games. This distinction was first proposed by Nash [1950a, 1951], who defined cooperative games as games permitting both communication and enforceable agreements between the players, and defined noncooperative games as games permitting neither communication nor enforceable agreements. Later writers have found these definitions unsatisfactory because any two-way classification based on two different criteria at the same time is always logically problematic since it immediately poses the question, What about objects possessing the first property but lacking the second, and what about objects possessing the second property but lacking the first? [cf. Harsanyi, 1976, 100-105.]

Keywords

Equilibrium Point Cooperative Game Solution Concept Bargaining Game Payoff Vector 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Harsanyi, J.C.: Games with Incomplete Information Played by Bayesian Players. Parts I–III. Management Science 14, 1967–68, 159–182, 320-334, and 486-502.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. —: An Equilibrium-point Interpretation of Stable Sets and a Proposed Alternative Definition. Management Science 20, 1974, 1472–1495.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. —: The Tracing Procedure. International Journal of Game Theory 4, 1975, 61–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. —: Essays on Ethics, Social Behavior, and Scientific Explanation. Dordrecht 1976.Google Scholar
  5. —: A Solution Concept for n-person Noncooperative Games. International Journal of Game Theory 5, 1977, 211–225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. —: A General Solution Concept for Both Cooperative and Noncooperative Games. Papers of the North Rhine-Westphalian Academy of Sciences, No. 287. Opladen 1979, 7-28.Google Scholar
  7. —: The Shapley Value and the Risk-dominance Solutions of Two Bargaining Models for Characteristic-function Games. Essays in Game Theory and Mathematical Economics in Honor of Oskar Morgenstern. Mannheim 1981, 43-68.Google Scholar
  8. Harsanyi, J.C., and R. Selten: A Noncooperative Solution Concept with Cooperative Applications. Book ms. in progress, 1980.Google Scholar
  9. Luce, R.D., and H. Raiffa: Games and Decisions. New York 1957.Google Scholar
  10. Nash, J.F.: Equilibrium Points in n-person Games. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sciences, U.S.A. 36, 1950a, 48–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. —: The Bargaining Problem. Econometrica 18, 1950b, 155–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. —: Noncooperative Games. Annals of Mathematics 54, 1951, 286–295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. —: Two-person Cooperative Games. Econometrica 21, 1953, 128–140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Owen, G.: Game Theory. Philadelphia 1968.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. C. Harsanyi
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Business AdministrationUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

Personalised recommendations