Advertisement

Vibrational Spectra of Electron and Hydrogen Centers in Ionic Crystals

  • D. Bäuerle
Part of the Springer Tracts in Modern Physics book series (STMP)

Abstract

The fundamental role played by lattice vibrations in nearly all fields of solid state physics, be it in connection with absorption of elastic or electromagnetic waves, superconductivity, or ferroelectricity, has stimulated a growing interest in lattice vibrational spectra of pure and perturbed crystal lattices. Such vibrations can be studied directly be means of inelastic neutron scattering which is to be prefered for the study of bulk vibrational modes, and by infrared and Raman spectroscopy which, because of their inherent sensitivity to relatively low defect concentrations, are excellent techniques for investigating the defect induced response of a crystal lattice. Such defects, which may be foreign atoms, ions, or molecules, but which may also be dislocations, voids, and so on, are interesting because they lower the point symmetry of the lattice, thereby relaxing the selection rules for photon-phonon interaction processes, and thus allowing the optical activation of (somewhat perturbed) host lattice vibrations which are inactive in the unperturbed crystal.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Fowler, W.B.: Color Centers in Alkali Halides. New York: Academic Press 1968.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Pick, H.: Optical Properties of Solids. Ed. Abeles, F. Amsterdam: North-Holland Publ. Comp. 1972.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Pick, H.: Struktur von Störstellen in Alkalihalogenidkristallen. Springer Tracts, Vol. 38. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1965.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Schulman, J.H., Compton, W.D.: Color Centers in Solids. New York: Pergamon Press 1963.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Elliott, R.J., Hayes, W., Jones, G.D., Macdonald, H.F., Sennett, C.T.: Proc. Roy. Soc. 289, 1 (1965).ADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bessent, R.G., Hayes, W., Hodby, I.W.: Phys. Letters 15, 115 (1965).ADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jones, G.D., Peled, S., Rosenwaks, S., Yatsiv, S.: Phys. Rev. 183, 353 (1969).ADSGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Loudon, R.: Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) 84, 379 (1964).ADSGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Loudon, R.: Advan. Phys. 13, 432 (1964).ADSGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Knox, R.S., Gold, A.: Symmetry in the Solid State. New York: Benjamin 1964.zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Tinkham, M: Group Theory and Quantum Mechanics. New York: MacGraw Hill 1964.zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Mulliken, R.S.: J. Chem. Phys. 3, 375 (1935).ADSzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bouckaert, L.P., Smoluchowski, R., Wigner, E.: Phys. Rev. 50, 58 (1936).ADSzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bethe, H. A.: Ann. Phys. 3, 133 (1929).zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    von der Lage, F.C., Bethe, H.A.: Phys. Rev. 71, 619 (1947).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Howarth, D.J., Jones, H.: Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) A65, 353 (1952).ADSGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Genzel, L., Festkörperprobleme, Vol., VI. London: Pergamon 1966.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Sievers, A. J.: Elementary Excitations in Solids, p. 193. New York: Plenum Press 1969.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Benedek, G., Nardelli, G.F.: Phys. Rev. 155, 1004 (1967).ADSGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Klein, M.V.:seeRef. [1].Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Hübner, R.: Z. Physik 222, 380 (1969).ADSGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Kühner, D., Wagner, M.: Z. Physik 207, 111, (1968).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Gethins, T., Timusk, T., Woll, E.J.: Phys. Rev. 157, 744 (1967).ADSGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Sennet, CT.: J. Phys. Chem. Solids 26, 1097 (1965).ADSGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Xinh, N.X., Maradudin, A. A., Coldwell-Horsfall, R. A.: J. Phys. Radium 26, 717 (1965).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Maradudin, A. A.: Solid State Phys., Vol. 19. Ed. Seitz, F., and Turnbull, D. New York: Academic Press 1966.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Benedek, G., Nardelli, G.F.: Phys. Rev. 154, 872 (1967).ADSGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Gebhardt, W., Maier, K.: Phys. Stat. Sol. 8, 303 (1965).ADSGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Rosenstock, H., Klick, C.C.: Phys. Rev. 119, 1198 (1960).ADSGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Schäfer, G.: J. Phys. Chem. Sol. 12, 233 (1960).ADSGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Price, W.C., Wilkinson, G.R.: Final Technical Report Nr. 2 (dec, 1960), US Army Contract No DA-91-591-EUC 1908, OI-4201-60 (R. + D.260).Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Mitsuishi, A., Yoshinaga, H.: Progr. Theoret. Phys. (Kyoto) Suppl. 23, 241 (1962).ADSGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Mirlin, D.N., Reshina, I.L: Sov. Phys. Sol. State 6, 728 (1964).Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Mirlin, D.N., Reshina, J.L: Sov. Phys. Sol. State 6, 2454 (1965).Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Mirlin, D.N., Reshina, N.N.: Sov. Phys. Solid State 8, 116 (1966).Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Mitra, S.S., Brada, Y.: Phys. Letters 17, 19 (1965).ADSGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Fritz, B., Groß, U., Bäuerle, D.: Phys. Stat. Sol. 11, 231 (1965).ADSGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Dötsch, H., Gebhardt, W., Martius, C. H.: Phys. Stat. Sol. 3, 9 (1965).Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Mitra, S.S, Singh, R.R.: Phys. Rev. Letters 16, 694 (1966).ADSGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Timusk, T., Klein, M.V.: Phys. Rev. 141, 664 (1966).ADSGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Bäuerle, D., Fritz, B.: Phys. Stat. Sol. 24, 207 (1967).ADSGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Barth, W., Fritz, B.: Phys. Stat. Sol. 19, 515 (1967).ADSGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Fritz, B., Gerlach, J., Groß, U.: Localized Excitations in Solids. Ed. Wallis, R.F. New York: Plenum Press 1968.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Dötsch, H.: Phys. Stat. Sol. 31, 649 (1969).ADSGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Dötsch, H., Mitra, S.S.: Phys. Rev. 178, 1492 (1969).ADSGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    MacPherson, R.W., Timusk, T.: Can.J. Phys. 48, 2146 (1970).ADSGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    de Souza, M., Gongora, A.D., Aegerter, M., Lüty, F.: Phys. Rev. Letters 25, 1426 (1970).ADSGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Kurz, G., Susman, S., Internat. Conf. “Color Centers in Ionic Crystals”, Reading, U.K., 1971.Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Olson, C.G., Lynch, D.W.: Phys. Rev. 4,1990, (1971).Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Wallis, R., Maraduin, A.A.: Progr. Theor. Phys. (Kyoto) 24, 1055 (1960).ADSGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Bilz, H., Strauch, D., Fritz, B.: J. Phys. (Paris) 21. Suppl. C 2-3 (1966).Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Bilz, H, Zeyher, R., Wehner, R.K.: Phys. Stat. Sol. 20, K 167 (1967).ADSGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Page, J.B., Dick, B.G.: Phys. Rev. 163, 910 (1967).ADSGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Xinh, N.X.: Phys. Rev. 163, 896 (1967).ADSGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Page, J.B., Strauch, D.: Phys. Stat. Sol. 24, 469 (1967).ADSGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Strauch, D., Page, J.B.: Phys. Stat. Sol. 30, 495 (1968).ADSGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Cunningham, S.L., Hardy, J.R.: Solid State Commun. 6, 769 (1968).ADSGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Strauch, D.: Phys. Stat. Sol. 30, 495 (1968).ADSGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Zeyher, R., Bilz, H., see Ref. [43], p. 767.Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Zeyher, R., Bilz, H.: Phys. Stat. Sol. 31, 157 (1969).ADSGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Striefler, M., Jaswal, S.S.: J. Phys. Chem. Solids 30, 827 (1969).ADSGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Haridasan, T.M, Krishnamurthy, N.: J. Indian Inst. Sci. 51, 1 (1969).Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Boese, F.K., Wagner, M: Z. Physik 235, 140 (1970).ADSGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Lannoo, M, Dobrzynski, L.: J. Phys. Chem. Solids 33, 1447 (1972).ADSGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Harrington, J. A., Walker, CT.: Phys. Stat. Sol. (b) 43, 619 (1971).ADSGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Harrington, J. A., Harley, R.T., Walker, C.T.: Solid State Commun. 9, 683 (1971).ADSGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Harrington, J. A., Weber, R.: Solid State Commun. 11, 1435 (1972).ADSGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Fritz, B., see Ref. [43].Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    Fritz, B.: J. Phys. Chem. Sol. 23, 375 (1962).ADSGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Gross, U., Bron, W.E.: Phys. Letters 25A, 312 (1967).ADSGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Bäuerle, D., Fritz, B.: Phys. Stat. Sol. 29, 639 (1968).ADSGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Dürr, U., Bäuerle, D.: Z. Physik 233, 94 (1970).ADSGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Akhvlediani, Z.G., Politov, N.G.: ZHETF, 10, 249 (1969).Google Scholar
  74. 74.
    Politov, N.G., Akhvlediani, Z.G., see Ref. [48].Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    Shamu, R.E., Hartmann, W.M., Yasaitis, E.L.: Phys. Rev. 170, 822 (1968).ADSGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Montgomery, G.P., Fenner, W.R., Klein, M.V., Timusk, T.:Phys.Rev. B5, 3343 (1972).ADSGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    Harrington, J. A., Harley, R.T., Walker, C.T.: Solid State Comm. 8, 407 (1970).ADSGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    Hayes, W., Macdonald, H.F.: Proc. Roy. Soc. A297, 503 (1967).ADSGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Jones, G.D., Satten, R. A.: Phys. Rev. 147, 566 (1966).ADSGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    Dötsch, H.: Ph. D. Thesis, University of Frankfurt, 1967.Google Scholar
  81. 81.
    Lee, L.C, Faust, W.L.: Phys. Rev. Letters 26, 648 (1971).ADSGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    Hayes, W., Macdonald, H. F., Elliott, R.: J. Phys. Rev. Letters 15, 961 (1965).ADSGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    Cowley, R.A.: Advan. Phys. 12, 421 (1963).ADSGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    Hurrell, J.P., Minkiewiez, V.J.: Solid State Commun. 8, 463 (1970).ADSGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    Benedek, G., Nardelli, G.F.: Phys. Rev. Letters 16, 517 (1966).ADSGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    Bäuerle, D.: Ph. D. Thesis, University of Stuttgart, 1969.Google Scholar
  87. 87.
    Bäuerle, D., Hübner, R.: Phys. Rev. B2, 4252 (1970).ADSGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    de Souza, M.F. Lüty, F.: see Ref. [48].Google Scholar
  89. 89.
    Woll, E. J., Gethins, T., Timusk, T.: Can. J. Phys. 46, 2263 (1968).ADSGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    Bäuerle, D.: Internat. Symposium “Color Centers in Alkali Halides”, Rom, 1968.Google Scholar
  91. 91.
    Bäuerle, D., Fritz, B.: Solid State Commun. 6, 453 (1968).Google Scholar
  92. 92.
    Ram, RN., Agrawal, B.K.: Solid State Commun. 11, 1719 (1972).ADSGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    Markham, J.J.: Solid State Phys. Suppl. 8, ed. Seitz, F. and Turnbull, D. New York: Academic Press 1965.Google Scholar
  94. 94.
    Benedek, G., Mulazzi, E.: Phys. Rev. 179, 906 (1969).ADSGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    Singh, R., Mitra, S.S.: Phys. Rev. B2, 1070 (1970).ADSGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    See e.g. Dexter, D.L.: Solid State Physics. Vol. 6, p. 353. ed. Seitz, F., Turnbull, D. New York: Academic Press 1958.Google Scholar
  97. 97.
    Jaswal, S.S.: Phys. Rev. 140, A 687 (1965).ADSGoogle Scholar
  98. 98.
    Ward, R.W., Timusk, T.: Phys. Rev. B5, 2331 (1972).ADSGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    Kersten, R.: Ph. D. Thesis, University of Stuttgart, 1970.Google Scholar
  100. 100.
    Gnaedinger, R. J.: J. Chem. Phys. 21, 323 (1953).ADSGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    Martin, R.M.: Light Scattering in Solids. Ed. Balkanski, M. Paris: Flamarion Sci. 1971.Google Scholar
  102. 102.
    Fitchen, D.B., Buchenauer, C.J.: Physics of Impurity Centers in Crystals, Tallin, 1972, p. 277.Google Scholar
  103. 103.
    Wolfram, G., Jaswal, S.S., Sharma, T.P.: Phys. Rev. Letters 29, 160 (1972).ADSGoogle Scholar
  104. 104.
    Worlock, J.M., Porto, S.P.S.: Phys. Rev. Letters 15,697(1965).ADSGoogle Scholar
  105. 105.
    Buchenauer, C.J., Fitchen, D. B., Page, J.B.: Light Scattering Spectra of Solids, p. 521. Ed. Wright, G.B. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1969.Google Scholar
  106. 106.
    Bendek, G., Mulazzi, E.: see Ref. [105], p. 531.Google Scholar
  107. 107.
    Fritz, B.: see Ref. [43], p. 496.Google Scholar
  108. 108.
    Henry, C.H., Slichter, C.P.: see Ref. [3], p. 351.Google Scholar
  109. 109.
    Rebane, K., Hizhnyakov, V., Tehver J.: Izv. Akad. Nauk. Est. SSR, Ser. Fiz.-Mat. Tekh. Nauk. 16, 207 (1967).Google Scholar
  110. 110.
    Fitchen, D.B., Buchenauer, C.J.:seeRef. [48].Google Scholar
  111. 111.
    Mieher, R.L.: Phys. Rev. Letters 8, 362 (1962).ADSGoogle Scholar
  112. 112.
    Dolling, G., Smith, H.G., Nicklow, R.M., Vijayaraghavan, P. R., Wilkinson, M. K.: Phys. Rev. 168, 970 (1968).ADSGoogle Scholar
  113. 113.
    Raunio, G., Rolandson, S.: Phys. Rev. B 2, 2098 (1970).ADSGoogle Scholar
  114. 114.
    Reid, J.S., Smith, T., Buyers, W.J.L.: Phys. Rev. B1, 1833 (1970).ADSGoogle Scholar
  115. 115.
    Cowley, R.A., Cochran, W., Brockhouse, B. N., Woods, A.D.B.: Phys. Rev. 119, 980 (1960).ADSGoogle Scholar
  116. 116.
    Raunio, G., Almqvist, L.: Phys. Stat. Sol. 33, 209 (1969).ADSGoogle Scholar
  117. 117.
    Dolling, G., Cowley, R. A., Schittenhelm, C, Thorson, J.M.: Phys. Rev. 147, 577 (1966).ADSGoogle Scholar
  118. 118.
    Raunio, G., Rolandson, S.: J. Phys. C 3, 1013 (1970).ADSGoogle Scholar
  119. 119.
    Rolandson, S., Raunio, G.: J. Phys. C 4, 958 (1971).ADSGoogle Scholar
  120. 120.
    Raunio, G., Rolandson, S.: Phys. Stat. Sol. (b) 40, 749 (1970).ADSGoogle Scholar
  121. 121.
    Ahmad, A.A.Z., Smith, H.G., Wakabayashi, N., Wilkinson, M.K.: Phys. Rev. B6, 3956 (1972).ADSGoogle Scholar
  122. 122.
    Rolandson, S., Raunio, G.: Phys. Rev. B4, 4617 (1971).ADSGoogle Scholar
  123. 123.
    Biihrer, W., Hälg, W.: Phys. Stat. Sol. (b) 46, 679 (1971).ADSGoogle Scholar
  124. 124.
    Buyers, W.J.L.: Phys. Rev. 153, 923 (1967).ADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Bäuerle
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für FestkörperforschungStuttgart 1Germany
  2. 2.Philips ForschungslaboratoriumAachenGermany

Personalised recommendations