Projective Algebraic Geometry
So far, all of the varieties we have studied have been subsets of affine space k n . In this chapter, we will enlarge k n by adding certain “points at ∞” to create n-dimensional projective space ℙ n (k). We will then define projective varieties in ℙ n (k) and study the projective version of the algebra-geometry correspondence. The relation between affine and projective varieties will be considered in §4; in §5, we will study elimination theory from a projective point of view. By working in projective space, we will get a much better understanding of the Extension Theorem from Chapter 3. The chapter will end with a discussion of the geometry of quadric hypersurfaces and an introduction to Bezout’s Theorem.
KeywordsHomogeneous Polynomial Projective Variety Total Degree Projective Line Homogeneous Component
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