In application of radiations to medical problems the desired circumstance naturally is to restrict the irradiation to the target volume. For irradiation of subsurface tissues by an external source this is, of course, not possible and the dose which may be delivered may often be limited by the dose which is judged acceptable to overlying tissues in the path of the projected beam. The minimization, therefore, of this necessary but undesirable radiation exposure has been a long sought goal, especially where circumstance require the irradiation of deep-seated tissues.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1971

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  • G. P. Welch

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