Reality, Rorschach and Perceptual Theory

  • Samuel J. Beck


The psychologist setting out to study the human personality faces a dilemma. The knowledge he seeks is about men, women, children, as we know them in their real lives-their thinking, emotions, anxieties, moods, their daydreams, purposes, gratifications-all that fusion of men tal experience which, at any particular moment, is a total human being. This is the psychologist’s objective. His disciplined habits of research follow the precept that Descartes formulated as the second of his four guidelines which, from the age of twenty-three on, he used in directing and criticizing his own thinking. It is, he writes, “to divide each of the difficulties that I shall be examining into as many parts as possible and as will be requisite the better to resolve them” (Descartes, 1943; p. 88).


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Beck, S. J. Configurational tendencies in Rorschach responses. Am. J. Psychol., 1933, 45, 433–443.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Beck, S. J. Rorschach’s Test, Vol. II, A Variety of Personality Pictures. New York: Grune and Stratton, revised edition, with H. B. Molish, 1967.Google Scholar
  3. Beck, S. J., Rabin, A. I., Thiesen, W. G., Molish, H. B., Thetford, W. N. The normal personality as projected in the Rorschach test. J. Psychol., 1950, 30, 241–298.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Beck, S. J. Psychological Processes in the Schizophrenic Adaptation. New York: Grune and Stratton, 1965.Google Scholar
  5. Beck, S. J. Emotions and understanding. In International Psychiatry Clinics, Vol. 3, No. 1. Boston: Little, Brown, 1966. Pp. 93–114.Google Scholar
  6. Beizmann, C. Livret de Cotation des Formes dans le Rorschach. Paris: Centre de Psychologic Appliquée, 1966.Google Scholar
  7. Brown, R. How shall a thing be called? Psychol. Rev., 1958, 65, 14–21.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bruner, J. S. On perceptual readiness. Psychol. Rev., 1957, 64, 123–152.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Descartes, R. Discours de la Methode. Paris: Editions de Cluny, 1943.Google Scholar
  10. von Fieandt, K. Toward a unitary theory of perception. Psychol. Rev., 1958, 65, 315–320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Harlow, H. F. The nature of love. Am. Psychologist, 1958, 13, 673–685.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Huskins, C. L. Science, cytology and society. Am. Scientist, 1951, 39, 688–699, 716.Google Scholar
  13. Klopfer, B. et al. Developments in the Rorschach Technique, Vols. I and II. World Book, 1956.Google Scholar
  14. Liddell, H. S. Emotional Hazards in Animals and Man. Springfield, I11.: Charles C Thomas, 1956. Pp. x–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Mandler, G., Kessen, W. The Language of Psychology. New York: Wiley, 1959.Google Scholar
  16. Rapoport, A. What is semantics? Am. Scientist, 1952, 41, 123–135.Google Scholar
  17. Rorschach, H. Psychodiagnostik: Methodik und Ergebnisse eines Wahrnehmungsdiag- nostischen Experiments(ed. 2). Bern: Huber, 1932.Google Scholar
  18. Stern, A. Science and the philosopher. Am. Scientist, 1956, 44, 281–295.Google Scholar
  19. Wollheim, R. Visions of the truth. (Review of E. H. Gombrich, Art and Illusion). In The London Observer, April 3, 1960.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1968

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samuel J. Beck

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations