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Der plötzliche Kindstod

Mögliche Ursachen und praktische Konsequenzen
  • M. Gabriel

Zusammenfassung

Die Ätiologie des plötzlichen Kindstodes (SID) ist noch ungeklärt. Die Ergebnisse epidemiologischer, morphologischer und physiologischer Untersuchungen gestatten es jedoch zunehmend besser, die Gruppe der vom SIDS betroffenen Säuglinge näher zu charakterisieren, ohne allerdings schon das individuelle Risiko abschätzen zu können. Prädisponierend scheinen Störungen cardiorespiratorischer Kontrollmechanismen beteiligt zu sein, woraus sich praktische Konsequenzen bezüglich weiterer wissenschaftlicher Forschung, aber auch hinsichtlich der medizinischen Betreuung sog. abortiver SIDS-Fälle ergeben.

Schlüsselwörter

Plötzlicher Kindstod Säuglingssterblichkeit Atmungskontrolle Häusliches Monitoring 

Summary

A review is given on the current knowledge regarding the sudden infant death syndrome. Facts of epidemiology, morphological and physiological results recently reported are discussed for the question of SIDS-etiology, where developmental defects in cardiorespiratory control might play an important role. Practical implications are presented for future research as well as for current handling of infants at risk.

Key words

SIDS Postneonatal mortality Breathing control Home monitoring 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Gabriel
    • 1
  1. 1.Universitäts-KinderklinikGöttingenDeutschland

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