Albrecht von Graefe, seine Persönlichkeit, seine Zeit

  • Friedrich Rintelen

Albrecht von Graefe, his Personality and his Times


This essay leaves aside Graefe’s achievements in science and ophthalmology to present the man—Graefe as human being—chiefly on the basis of his surviving letters and the correspondence with his friend Waldau, as well as with Donders, Horner and Jakobson.

His brief life not only glowed with incredible scientific intensity, it was also distinguished by an imposing personality. The first half of his adult life was filled with the happy activity of a liberal-minded extrovert, tasting the pleasures of Nature on long mountain excursions; the second half was a courageous fight against severe illness and a variety of family troubles. Graefe won through as a man, and this is perhaps an even greater achievement than his fundamental work in ophthalmology. His humanity makes him attractive to us, brings the critical, questioning pathophysiologist, the skulles operator, the inspiring teacher and exceptional organizer to life for us, making him seem almost contemporary.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Axenfeld, Th.: Zum Gedächtnis an Albrecht von Graefe. Festrede. Stuttgart: Erike 1928.Google Scholar
  2. Bader, A.: Friedr. Horner in den Briefen seiner Freunde. Klin. Mbl. Augenheilk. 89, 383 (1932).Google Scholar
  3. Friedell, Egon: Kulturgeschichte der Neuzeit. London-Oxford: Phaidon Press Ltd. 1947.Google Scholar
  4. Greeff, R.: Briefe von Albrecht von Graefe an Adolf Waldau. Wiesbaden: Bergmann 1907.Google Scholar
  5. Heynold-von Graefe, B.: Albrecht von Graefe. Mensch und Umwelt. München: Thiemig 1969.Google Scholar
  6. Hippel, A. v.: Festrede. Ber. 33. Verslg. Ophthal. Ges. Heidelberg: 1907.Google Scholar
  7. Hirschberg, J.: Geschichte der Augenheilkunde, Graefe-Saemisch, Handbuch 2. Aufl., Bd. XV. 1. Abt. Berlin, 1918.Google Scholar
  8. Hoffmann-Axthelm, W.: Ber. Dtsch. Ophthal. Ges. Heidelberg 1968.Google Scholar
  9. Jakobson, J.: Erinnerungen an Albrecht von Graefe. Königsberg: Koch 1895.Google Scholar
  10. Mann, Golo: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts. Frankfurt a. M.: Fischer 1961.Google Scholar
  11. Michaelis, E.: Albrecht von Graefe. Sein Leben und Wirken. Berlin: Reimer 1877.Google Scholar
  12. Rintelen, F.: Zum Gedächtnis der antiglauk. Iridektomie durch Albrecht von Graefe. 1857. Medizinische 36, 1261 (1957).Google Scholar
  13. Schweigger, C.: Rede zur Enthüllungsfeier des Graefe-Denkmals. Berlin: Peters 1882.Google Scholar
  14. Wewe, H. J. M., ten Doesschate, G.: Die Briefe Albrecht von Graefe’s an F. C. Donders (1852–1870). Stuttgart: Enke 1935.Google Scholar
  15. Woelfflin, E.: Zum 100. Geburtstag von Albr. v. Graefe. Albrecht v. Graefes Arch. Ophthal. 120, 1 (1928).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • Friedrich Rintelen
    • 1
  1. 1.Universitäts-AugenklinikBaselSchweiz

Personalised recommendations