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Periodische Vorgänge in der Fortpflanzung tierischer Organismen

  • Klaus Immelmann

Zusammenfassung

Die Fortpflanzung tierischer Organismen ist durch eine große Vielzahl periodisch sich wiederholender Vorgänge gekennzeichnet. Sie betreffen sowohl einzelne, der Fortpflanzung zugeordnete Teilprozesse als auch Ablauf und zeitliche Lage des gesamten Fortpflanzungszyklus. Im Ovar des weiblichen Säugetieres reifen kontinuierlich oder zu bestimmten Jahreszeiten nacheinander einzelne Follikel oder Follikelgruppen heran und geben in bestimmten, artspezifisch festgelegten Abständen die Eizelle(n) frei. In den Meeren und teilweise auch im Süßwasser schwärmen die geschlechtsreifen Individuen mancher Tierarten in zwei- oder vierwöchigen Abständen und leiten damit die Fortpflanzung ein. Die Mehrzahl aller tierischen Organismen schließlich pflanzt sich in einem annähernd gleichmäßigen Rhythmus in jedem Jahr etwa um die gleiche Zeit fort.

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1967

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  • Klaus Immelmann

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