East — West I — The Geographical Background

  • G. Adler-Karlsson
Part of the Studien über Wirtschafts- und Systemvergleiche book series (STUDIEN)


The expanding East — West economic co-operation is a prime example of how little the central concept of socialist ideology, ownership of the means of production, means in real life. Praxis is becoming increasingly divorced from theory.


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  1. 1).
    Britain took the island of Hong Kong in 1841, Russia parts of China through the Treaties of Aigun in 1868 and of Peking in 1860, both of which were declared void by the Soviet communist party in the so-called Karakhan Manifesto of 1920. See e.g. N. Maxwell, India’s China War, Jonathan Cape, London 1970, pp. 281 ff.Google Scholar
  2. 2).
    P. Sereny in Nepszabadsag, April 20, 1973 translated in Radio Free Europe, Hungarian Press Survey, No. 2277.Google Scholar
  3. 3).
    Svenska Dagbladet, September 2, 1973, repeated a Soviet document by A. Samochin, smuggled out of the Soviet Union to the Posser publishing house in Frankfurt, with the title “Why we need a war against China”.Google Scholar
  4. 4).
    G. Adler-Karlsson, Western Economic Warfare 1947-1967, Uppsala, 1968.Google Scholar
  5. 5).
    Report by Flora Lewis in The International Herold Tribune, July 16, 1973.Google Scholar
  6. 6).
    Recently even a Rand Corporation study has come to doubt the efficiency of the U.S. export embargo policy, see R.E. Klitgaard, National Security and Export Controls. A report prepared for Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency and Council on International Economic Policy. R-1432-1-ARPA/CIEP, April 1974. RAND, Santa Monica.Google Scholar
  7. 7).
    International Herald Tribune, July 3,1975.Google Scholar
  8. 8).
    G. Adler-Karlsson, Western Economic Warfare 1947–1967, chapters 4 and 8.Google Scholar

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© Springer-Verlag Wien 1976

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  • G. Adler-Karlsson

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